James Patrick O’Connor

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Quantitative trait locus analysis can be used to identify genes critically involved in biological processes. No such analysis has been applied to identifying genes that control bone fracture healing. To determine the feasibility of such an approach, healing of femur fractures was measured between C57BL/6, DBA/2, and C3H inbred strains of mice. Healing was(More)
Department of Periodontics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA Department of Oral Basic & Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia Department of Orthopedics, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New JerseydGraduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Newark, NJ, USA Department of Biochemistry and(More)
Nonspecific and COX-2 selective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) function by inhibiting the cyclooxygenase isoenzymes and effectively reduce pain and inflammation attributed to acute or chronic musculoskeletal pathologies. However, use of NSAIDs as an analgesic is thought to negatively contribute to bone healing. This review strived to provide(More)
OBJECTIVES Recent studies have shown that modulating inflammation-related lipid signalling after a bone fracture can accelerate healing in animal models. Specifically, decreasing 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) activity during fracture healing increases cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in the fracture callus, accelerates chondrogenesis and decreases healing time.(More)
This study investigated the localization of critical enzymes involved in arachidonic acid metabolism during the initial and regenerative phases of mouse femur fracture healing. Previous studies found that loss of cyclooxygenase-2 activity impairs fracture healing while loss of 5-lipoxygenase activity accelerates healing. These diametric results show that(More)
Recently, the anti-glycation and anticancer properties of curcumin longa and okra seed extract were studied alone and also in combination with the well-established drug metformin. The combined effect of curcumin with metformin and metformin with okra seed extract was found to be highly efficacious in inhibiting Advanced Glycation End-products (AGEs). In(More)
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