James P. Williams

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In HIV-1 infection, a population of latently infected cells facilitates viral persistence despite antiretroviral therapy (ART). With the aim of identifying individuals in whom ART might induce a period of viraemic control on stopping therapy, we hypothesised that quantification of the pool of latently infected cells in primary HIV-1 infection (PHI) would(More)
A robust and efficient method for the segmentation of vessel cross-sections in contrast enhanced CT and MR images is presented. The primary innovation of the technique is the boundary propagation by mean shift analysis combined with a smoothness constraint. Consequently, the robustness of the mean shift to noise is enhanced by the use of apriori information(More)
Droplet Digital PCR (ddPCR) represents a new and alternative platform to conventional quantitative-PCR (qPCR) for the quantitation of DNA templates. However, the proposed improvement in sensitivity and reproducibility offered by ddPCR is not yet fully proven, partly because the delineation between positive and negative responses is not always clear. Data(More)
OBJECTIVE Retrograde type A dissection during or after endoluminal graft repair of the descending thoracic aorta is a potentially lethal complication unique to thoracic endografting. Our aim is to increase its awareness and to review possible etiological factors. METHODS Two hundred and eighty-seven patients with different thoracic aortic pathologies were(More)
OBJECTIVE Increasing experience with thoracic aortic stent grafts has led to a more aggressive approach to thoracic aortic pathologies in the distal aortic arch and proximal descending thoracic aorta. To increase the length of the proximal landing zone, it is sometimes necessary to cover the left subclavian artery with the thoracic stent-graft, introducing(More)
Macrophage infection is considered to play an important role in HIV-1 pathogenesis and persistence. Using a primary cell-based coculture model, we show that monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) efficiently transmit a high-multiplicity HIV-1 infection to autologous CD4(+) T cells through a viral envelope glycoprotein (Env) receptor- and actin-dependent(More)
We present a novel feature-based non-rigid image registration algorithm using a small number of automatically extracted points and their associated local salient region features. Our automatic registration is a hybrid approach co-optimizing point-based and image-based terms. Motivated by the paradigm of the TPS-RPM algorithm [6], we develop the RHDM (Robust(More)
BACKGROUND Optimal treatment for penetrating aortic ulcers has yet to be determined. Although open surgical repair is an effective therapeutic option, less invasive alternatives such as endoluminal grafting are emerging as a potential adjunct for the treatment of penetrating aortic ulcers isolated to the descending thoracic aorta. We reviewed our cumulative(More)
BACKGROUND Despite recent improvements in surgical technique, some patients with descending thoracic aortic pathologies are unable to undergo open surgical repair due to significant comorbidities and/or unfavorable thoracic aortic anatomy. Some of these patients might be able to tolerate a less invasive approach, such as endoluminal grafting. We reviewed(More)