Learn More
A robust and efficient method for the segmentation of vessel cross-sections in contrast enhanced CT and MR images is presented. The primary innovation of the technique is the boundary propagation by mean shift analysis combined with a smoothness constraint. Consequently, the robustness of the mean shift to noise is enhanced by the use of apriori information(More)
OBJECTIVE Retrograde type A dissection during or after endoluminal graft repair of the descending thoracic aorta is a potentially lethal complication unique to thoracic endografting. Our aim is to increase its awareness and to review possible etiological factors. METHODS Two hundred and eighty-seven patients with different thoracic aortic pathologies were(More)
Droplet Digital PCR (ddPCR) represents a new and alternative platform to conventional quantitative-PCR (qPCR) for the quantitation of DNA templates. However, the proposed improvement in sensitivity and reproducibility offered by ddPCR is not yet fully proven, partly because the delineation between positive and negative responses is not always clear. Data(More)
Endografting, like open surgical repair of the thoracic aorta, can be complicated by paraplegia. We reviewed our thoracic endografting experience regarding the incidence and treatment of spinal cord neurologic events. Between February 2000 and July 2008, 346 patients underwent endoluminal grafting of the descending thoracic aorta. Indications for(More)
In HIV-1 infection, a population of latently infected cells facilitates viral persistence despite antiretroviral therapy (ART). With the aim of identifying individuals in whom ART might induce a period of viraemic control on stopping therapy, we hypothesised that quantification of the pool of latently infected cells in primary HIV-1 infection (PHI) would(More)
OBJECTIVE Although endovascular repair of the descending thoracic aorta has emerged as a viable treatment option, little is known about its potential to treat patients diagnosed with aortobronchial fistulas. We reviewed our comprehensive thoracic endografting experience with regard to the endovascular management and subsequent outcome of patients with(More)
Macrophage infection is considered to play an important role in HIV-1 pathogenesis and persistence. Using a primary cell-based coculture model, we show that monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) efficiently transmit a high-multiplicity HIV-1 infection to autologous CD4(+) T cells through a viral envelope glycoprotein (Env) receptor- and actin-dependent(More)
Treatment of HIV-1 infection with antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the weeks following transmission may induce a state of 'post-treatment control' (PTC) in some patients, in whom viraemia remains undetectable when ART is stopped. Explaining PTC could help our understanding of the processes that maintain viral persistence. Here we show that immunological(More)
Methods for the analysis of images of the same scene taken under three different lighting conditions are illustrated. A technique that separates the effects of geometry and surface coloration/texture in this " tri-luminal " environment is developed and experimental results are shown. Exploiting this technique to isolate geometric information, two methods(More)