James P. Wicksted

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The mechanical failure of hybrid materials made from polymers and single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT) is primarily attributed to poor matrix-SWNT connectivity and severe phase segregation. Both problems can be successfully mitigated when the SWNT composite is made following the protocol of layer-by-layer assembly. This deposition technique prevents phase(More)
(nominal inner diameter: 0.6 mm) needles into rotating 40 wt.-% PEI (branched; average molecular weight, M w ~ 25 000; water-free; Aldrich) solutions in methanol. The SWNT/PEI composite fibers were characterized by SEM (LEO 1590 VP microscope) and micro-Raman spectroscopy (Jobin± Yvon Horiba high-resolution LabRam micro-Raman spectrometer; helium±neon(More)
Poor solubility of single-walled and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (NTs) in water and organic solvents presents a considerable challenge for their purification and applications. Macromolecules can be convenient solubilizing agents for NTs and a structural element of composite materials for them. Several block copolymers with different chemical(More)
PURPOSE The feasibility of Raman spectroscopy for the noninvasive assessment of axial corneal hydration was investigated. METHODS A scanning confocal Raman spectroscopy system, with an axial resolution of 50 microns, was used to assess noninvasively the water (OH-bond) to protein (CH-bond) ratio as a measure of the hydration in collagen-based phantom(More)
Tissue surface temperature distribution on the treatment site can serve as an indicator for the effectiveness of a photothermal therapy. In this study, both infrared thermography and theoretical simulation were used to determine the surface temperature distribution during laser irradiation of both gel phantom and animal tumors. Selective photothermal(More)
A Laser Scanning Confocal Raman Spectroscopy (LSCRS) system was applied for the non-invasive quantification of the transport of a drug through the rabbit cornea in vivo. Employing LSCRS, the changes in the amplitude of a drug-specific Raman signal were assessed over time in the tearfilm and corneal epithelium of the living rabbit eye (n = 6), after topical(More)
We demonstrated the feasibility of Raman spectroscopy for remote temperature monitoring within the aqueous humor of the rabbit eye in vivo. Using a confocal Raman spectroscopy system, Raman spectra from 2580 to 3800 cm(-1) were recorded in HPLC-grade water and in the aqueous humor of the rabbit eye under in vivo and ex vivo conditions within a temperature(More)
Laser Raman scattering is conducted on aqueous solutions that contain organic chemicals that include glucose, lactate, ascorbate, pyruvate, and urea. At the concentrations of interest (below 1.0 wt. %), these various metabolites are found to scatter light independently of each other, and the scattering is linearly proportional to their concentrations.(More)
Raman spectroscopy is a qualitative and quantitative optical technique for determining the molecular composition of matter. Improvements in spectroscopic instruments, especially the modality to detect low light level signals extended the Raman technique to biomedical applications, even in delicate structures like the eye. The purpose of this paper was to(More)
PURPOSE To develop a safe noninvasive technique for identifying the material of intraocular lenses (IOLs) implanted in patients. SETTING Center for Biomedical Engineering and the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA. METHODS Raman spectroscopy was used to noninvasively identify the(More)