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Quantitative computational models play an increasingly important role in modern biology. Such models typically involve many free parameters, and assigning their values is often a substantial obstacle to model development. Directly measuring in vivo biochemical parameters is difficult, and collectively fitting them to other experimental data often yields(More)
The inherent complexity of cellular signaling networks and their importance to a wide range of cellular functions necessitates the development of modeling methods that can be applied toward making predictions and highlighting the appropriate experiments to test our understanding of how these systems are designed and function. We use methods of statistical(More)
Crackling noise arises when a system responds to changing external conditions through discrete, impulsive events spanning a broad range of sizes. A wide variety of physical systems exhibiting crackling noise have been studied, from earthquakes on faults to paper crumpling. Because these systems exhibit regular behaviour over a huge range of sizes, their(More)
The study of critical phenomena and universal power laws has been one of the central advances in statistical mechanics during the second half of the past century, explaining traditional thermodynamic critical points 1 , avalanche behaviour near depinning transitions 2,3 and a wide variety of other phenomena 4. Scaling, universality and the renormalization(More)
We use the zero–temperature random–field Ising model to study hys-teretic behavior at first–order phase transitions. Sweeping the external field through zero, the model exhibits hysteresis, the return–point memory effect, and avalanche fluctuations. There is a critical value of disorder at which a jump in the magnetization (corresponding to an infinite(More)
The functioning of many biochemical networks is often robust-remarkably stable under changes in external conditions and internal reaction parameters. Much recent work on robustness and evolvability has focused on the structure of neutral spaces, in which system behavior remains invariant to mutations. Recently we have shown that the collective behavior of(More)
We present a minimal model of plasma membrane heterogeneity that combines criticality with connectivity to cortical cytoskeleton. The development of this model was motivated by recent observations of micron-sized critical fluctuations in plasma membrane vesicles that are detached from their cortical cytoskeleton. We incorporate criticality using a conserved(More)
We formulate and study a spin glass model on the Bethe lattice. Appropriate boundary fields replace the traditional self-consistent methods; they give our model well-defined thermodynamic properties. We establish that there is a spin glass transition temperature above which the single-site magnetizations vanish, and below which the Edwards-Anderson order(More)
The microscopically complicated real world exhibits behavior that often yields to simple yet quantitatively accurate descriptions. Predictions are possible despite large uncertainties in microscopic parameters, both in physics and in multiparameter models in other areas of science. We connect the two by analyzing parameter sensitivities in a prototypical(More)
From magnetic systems to the crust of the earth, many physical systems that exhibit a multiplicity of metastable states emit pulses with a broad power law distribution in energy. Digital audio recordings reveal that paper being crumpled, a system that can be easily held in hand, is such a system. Crumpling paper both using the traditional hand method and a(More)