James P. Ritchie

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BACKGROUND Current trial data may not be directly applicable to patients with the highest risk presentations of atherosclerotic renovascular disease, including flash pulmonary edema, rapidly declining kidney function, and refractory hypertension. We consider the prognostic implications of these presentations and response to percutaneous revascularization.(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Measures of functional status are used in the general population to aid prognostication but their use has not been explored in pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD). This analysis considers the association between the Karnofsky performance score (KPS) and all-cause mortality in a CKD stage 3-5 cohort. METHODS Patients were selected(More)
Hypertension frequently complicates chronic kidney disease (CKD), with studies showing clinical benefit from blood pressure lowering. Subgroups of patients with severe hypertension exist. We aimed to identify patients with the greatest mortality risk from uncontrolled hypertension to define the prevalence and phenotype of patients who might benefit from(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Knowing when patients with chronic kidney disease will need dialysis can improve patient counselling and timing of vascular access. We aimed to assess the accuracy of clinician judgement in predicting the need for dialysis within 12 months. METHODS We asked the nephrologists in a dedicated pre-dialysis clinic to predict the time until(More)
Randomized trials have shown a neutral effect of percutaneous revascularization compared with optimal medical therapy in patients with atherosclerotic renovascular disease (ARVD). However, there are few data to define what constitutes optimal medical therapy. We present a retrospective analysis of 529 ARVD patients. Separate analyses were performed(More)
Due to the scale of chronic kidney disease (CKD) [1], management of patients is delivered from a broad range of settings. Research into CKD is often focused towards interventions relevant to the later stages of disease seen in secondary care and can fail to acknowledge the large quantities of clinical input delivered in a community setting. Furthermore,(More)
Background Cardiac abnormalities are frequent in patients with atherosclerotic renovascular disease (ARVD). The Angioplasty and Stenting for Renal Artery Lesions (ASTRAL) trial studied the effect of percutaneous renal revascularization combined with medical therapy compared with medical therapy alone in 806 patients with ARVD. Methods This was a(More)
AIM Numerous biomarkers have been shown to associate with clinical endpoints in chronic kidney disease (CKD). There is limited evidence whether biomarkers improve risk prediction in relation to clinical outcomes. Our study investigates whether a small suite of key chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder biomarkers could be used to enhance risk(More)
Atherosclerotic renovascular disease (ARVD) is a common condition in both elderly patients and those with other vascular disease. No published randomized controlled trial has demonstrated an overall benefit of revascularization on any clinical or biochemical end-point, and optimal medical therapy in this condition is not clearly defined. In this review we(More)
The use of lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) results in a reduction in atherosclerotic cardiovascular events but not mortality. The risk reduction for patients on dialysis appears to be less than in pre-dialysis CKD. These findings may be due to the higher rate of non-atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease found in end-stage(More)