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While 1,3-butadiene is carcinogenic in rodents, cancer causation in humans is less certain. We examined a spectrum of genotoxic outcomes in 41 butadiene polymer production workers and 38 non-exposed controls, in China, to explore the role of butadiene in human carcinogenesis. Because in vitro studies suggest that genetic polymorphisms in glutathione(More)
Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (hprt) mutation frequency (M(f)) was studied in workers at a polybutadiene rubber production facility in Yanshan, China. Exposed workers included for study were active either as process analysts, who sampled butadiene production process lines and analyzed product by gas chromatography, or as process operators,(More)
Malathion is a widely used pesticide with high potential for human exposure. Epidemiological studies suggest that individuals with chronic environmental exposures to pesticides have increased risks of various hematological malignancies. The genotoxic data to date have been somewhat inconclusive with regard to malathion exposure. We have used a cell cloning(More)
The human HPRT gene contains spans approximately 42,000 base pairs in genomic DNA, has a mRNA of approximately 900 bases and a protein coding sequence of 657 bases (initiation codon AUG to termination codon UAA). This coding sequence is distributed into 9 exons ranging from 18 (exon 5) to 184 (exon 3) base pairs. Intron sizes range from 170 (intron 7) to(More)
Mutations in the gene encoding hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) cause Lesch-Nyhan disease, which is characterized by hyperuricemia, severe motor disability, and self-injurious behavior. Mutations in the same gene also cause less severe clinical phenotypes with only some portions of the full syndrome. A large database of 271 mutations(More)
Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) deficiency is an inborn error of purine metabolism responsible for Lesch-Nyhan Disease (LND) and its partial phenotypes, HPRT-related hyperuricemia with neurologic dysfunction (HRND) and hyperuricemia alone. We report here the recognition of six Argentine patients, two with LND and four with HRND. All(More)
We have investigated the molecular effects of passive maternal cigarette exposure in a newborn population and consider the possible implications of the observed genetic changes in the development of neoplastic diseases in children. We present a distribution analysis of somatic mutational events in a reporter gene, HPRT, in cord blood T lymphocytes from(More)
We have determined the molecular basis of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT; HPRT1) deficiency in eight Lesch-Nyhan patients and in five partially HPRT deficient patients with mild to severe neurologic symptoms. Eight of these thirteen mutations have not been previously described. HPRT Zaragoza II (a GG insertion in exon 2), HPRT Murcia(More)
BACKGROUND Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is a component of the innate immune response and binds microbial surfaces through carbohydrate recognition domains. MBL deficiency may contribute to susceptibility to a variety of infectious diseases, particularly in young children. MBL binds to the Cryptosporidium sporozoite and may be important in resistance to(More)
Mutant frequency is defined as the proportion of mutant cells in a population and is readily estimated. It should be distinguished from mutation rate, which relates to the rate at which mutation events arise, and is generally expressed as events per cell division. Since one mutation event may give rise to one or many mutant cells, depending on the(More)