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To investigate the role of intracellular potassium (K(i))and other ions in hypertension and diabetes, we utilized (39)K-, (23)Na-, (31)P-, and (19)F-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to measure K(i), intracellular sodium (Na(i)), intracellular free magnesium (Mg(i)), and cytosolic free calcium (Ca(i)), respectively, in red blood cells of fasting(More)
Despite recent appreciation of a role for calcium in clinical hypertension, evidence at present is conflicting. Thus, certain studies suggest increased calcium availability may be associated with increased levels of blood pressure, while others suggest that a calcium deficiency may contribute to the pathogenesis of hypertensive disease. Our own group has(More)
We retrospectively compared the changes in serum albumin concentration and colloid osmotic pressure between survivors and nonsurvivors of prolonged (> or = 7 days) critical illness over a 2-year period from 1 July 1995. All patients had serum albumin measured daily, and colloid osmotic pressure measured 5 days a week, throughout their ICU admission. They(More)
Prazosin was used to control the signs and symptoms of excessive alpha-adrenergic activity in four patients with pheochromocytomas. Long-term dosage requirements were predicted by the blood pressure response to a single 1-mg oral dose. However, surgical management of the pheochromocytomas was inadequate with prazosin alone, and intravenous phentolamine was(More)
Restricting sodium intake is a primary recommendation for patients with hypertension, including those receiving drug treatment. Few studies, however, have examined the impact of different levels of sodium intake on the effectiveness of antihypertensive drugs. We administered two courses of verapamil to 13 patients with essential hypertension during a(More)
Hypertensive disease is associated with various abnormalities of calcium metabolism although how these abnormalities relate to the elevated pressure remains unclear. Based on the use of renin-sodium profiling, we have defined heterogeneous deviations in circulating levels of ionized calcium and magnesium as well as of the calcium-regulating hormones(More)