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The effects of ageing and dental state on the cross-sectional area and density of two jaw muscles, the masseter and medial pterygoid, were investigated using computed tomography. The study involved 84 male and 70 female subjects between the ages of 20 and 90 years. The cross-sectional area of both muscles showed a significant reduction with age; values for… (More)
The task facing educators in dentistry is never an easy one. It is an area where as many questions as answers arise. This paper looks at how the skills that a dentist needs can be defined and the best way to confer them.
The effect of ageing on the threshold firing rate of motor units from the first dorsal interosseous muscle was investigated. Two groups of 9 healthy male subjects between the ages of 20-29 and 60-69 years took part in the study. The threshold firing rate of motor units in young subjects showed close agreement with previous observations. However, a… (More)
The effect of ageing on the contractile properties of the first dorsal interosseous muscle was investigated. A group of 42 healthy male subjects between the ages of 10 and 80 years took part in the study. The time to peak tension was significantly prolonged with increasing age but no evidence was found of an extension of the half relaxation time. When left… (More)
A national consortium for dental primary care in Scotland has been formed as a result of integrated planning by groups involved in managing and delivering postgraduate dental education in Scotland. In 1998 a partnership was formed with representatives from the Scottish Council for Postgraduate Medical and Dental Education (SCPMDE) and the three Scottish… (More)
A number of people helped me complete this project. Michael Jonas assisted in collecting and analyzing much of the data and Kim Sterrett assisted in collecting the Huntington Beach Survey data. At PRI, were all helpful at various stages of this project. Daniel Milne is responsible for desktop publishing the final manuscript. Executive Summary n In 1998,… (More)
OBJECTIVES To compare patterns of admission to hospital and prognosis in white and South Asian patients newly admitted with heart failure, and to evaluate the effect of personal characteristics and comorbidity on outcome. DESIGN Historical cohort study. SETTING UK district health authority (population 960,000). PARTICIPANTS 5789 consecutive patients… (More)