Learn More
Age-related disease, not aging per se, causes most morbidity in older humans. Here we report that skeletal muscle respiratory uncoupling due to UCP1 expression diminishes age-related disease in three mouse models. In a longevity study, median survival was increased in UCP mice (animals with skeletal muscle-specific UCP1 expression), and lymphoma was(More)
BACKGROUND Disease-modifying therapies for Alzheimer's disease (AD) would be most effective during the preclinical stage (pathology present, cognition intact) before significant neuronal loss occurs. Therefore, biomarkers that detect AD pathology in its early stages and predict dementia onset and progression will be invaluable for patient care and efficient(More)
Full-length cDNA coding for dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1) has been cloned and sequenced, but the corresponding complete protein has not been isolated. In searching for naturally occurring DMP1, we recently discovered that the extracellular matrix of bone contains fragments originating from DMP1. Shortened forms of DMP1, termed 37K and 57K fragments, were(More)
Standardized, comprehensive platforms for the discovery of protease substrates have been extremely difficult to create. Screens for protease specificity are now frequently based on the cleavage patterns of peptide substrates, which contain small recognition motifs that are required for the cleavage of the scissile bond within an active site. However, these(More)
PURPOSE Our study purpose was to determine physical activity correlates and barriers among head and neck cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty-nine (response rate = 91%) head and neck cancer patients from an academic oncology clinic enrolled in a cross-sectional study utilizing chart review and self-administered questionnaire. RESULTS The(More)
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common of the cutaneous malignancies, accounting for 65 to 75% of all skin cancers. The natural history of this disease is one of chronic local invasion. Metastatic basal cell carcinoma is a rare clinical entity, with a reported incidence of only 0.0028 to 0.5%. Approximately 85% of all metastatic basal cell carcinomas arise(More)
BACKGROUND The submandibular gland is commonly removed during neck dissection involving sublevel IB. However, removal reduces basal salivary secretion and therapeutic options for minimizing xerostomia. The purpose of this study was to determine whether all lymph nodes in sublevel IB can be extirpated without removing the submandibular gland. METHODS(More)
Genes differentially expressed by tumor cells represent promising drug targets for anti-cancer therapy. Such candidate genes need to be validated in appropriate animal models. This study examined the suitability of rodent models of bladder cancer in B6D2F1 mice and Fischer-344 rats to model clinical bladder cancer specimens in humans. Using a global gene(More)
Phosphophoryns (PPs), a family of Asp and Ser(P)-rich dentin proteins, are considered to be archetypal regulators of several aspects of extracellular matrix (ECM) biomineralization. We have cloned a rat incisor PP gene, Dmp2, from our odontoblast cDNA library and localized it to mouse chromosome 5q21 within 2 centimorgans of Dmp1, another tooth-specific ECM(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a potential source of biomarkers for many disorders of the central nervous system, including Alzheimer disease (AD). Prior to comparing CSF samples between individuals to identify patterns of disease-associated proteins, it is important to examine variation within individuals over a short period of time so that one can better(More)