James P. Grover

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A model for prey and predators is formulated in which three essential nutrients can limit growth of both populations. Prey take up dissolved nutrients, while predators ingest prey, assimilate a fraction of ingested nutrients that depends on their current nutrient status, and recycle the balance. Although individuals are modeled as identical within(More)
Models are examined in which two prey species compete for two nutrient resources, and are preyed upon by a predator that recycles both nutrients. Two factors determine the effective relative supply of the nutrients, hence competitive outcomes: the external nutrient supply ratio, and the relative recycling of the two nutrients within the system. This second(More)
When individuals store resources acquired while moving through a spatially variable habitat, a form of population structure arises. The theoretical consequences of this process for resource competition are studied for phytoplankton species consuming a single nutrient resource, using a Lagrangian modeling approach. Each competitor population is divided into(More)
Species-area relationships have been observed for virtually all major groups of macroorganisms that have been studied to date but have not been explored for microscopic phytoplankton algae, which are the dominant producers in many freshwater and marine ecosystems. Our analyses of data from 142 different natural ponds, lakes, and oceans and 239 experimental(More)
Ecological stoichiometry is emerging as a central organizing framework upon which our perceptions of aquatic trophic dynamics are being reshaped. The microbial component of aquatic systems is crucial to overall nutrient dynamics, yet little data are available addressing the ecological stoichiometry of microorganisms. Pseudomonas fluorescens, a commonly(More)
In a set of laboratory experiments, we examined competition for phosphorus between algae and bacteria under various carbon:phosphorus (C:P) supply ratios in spatially homogeneous and heterogeneous microcosms. Experimental results were compared to those predicted by theoretical models of resource competition. In the spatially heterogeneous microcosm, algae(More)
Prymnesium parvum is a harmful alga whose blooms can cause fish kills in brackish waters. Two potential suppressants of this alga were tested, ammonium and barley straw extract (BSE), at temperatures of 10, 20 and 30 degrees C. Laboratory batch cultures were grown for 3 weeks at each temperature, with weekly doses of ammonium or BSE at either low or high(More)
We examine what circumstances allow the coexistence of microorganisms following different nutritional strategies, using a mathematical model. This model incorporates four nutritional types commonly found in planktonic ecosystems: (1) heterotrophic bacteria that consume dissolved organic matter and are prey to some of the other organisms; (2) heterotrophic(More)
The harmful algal bloom species Prymnesium parvum has caused millions of dollars in damage to fisheries around the world. These fish kills have been attributed to P. parvum releasing a mixture of toxins in the water. The characterized toxins, reported as prymnesin-1 and -2, have structural similarities consistent with other known ionizable compounds (e.g.,(More)
Nutrient limitation of bacterioand phytoplankton was studied simultaneously in two warm-water lakes in the southern United States-Joe Pool Lake (JPL) and Eagle Mountain Lake (EML). Lakes were sampled approximately biweekly between March 1998 and December 1999 from a single station. Nutrient limitation was assessed through dilution bioassays in which(More)