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The spatial and temporal frequency selectivity of 148 neurones in the striate cortex, V1, and of 122 neurones in the second visual cortical area, V2, of the macaque monkey were studied using sine-wave gratings of suprathreshold contrast drifting over the receptive field at the preferred orientation and direction. Neurones in V1 and V2 were selective for(More)
Interactions between adjacent simple cells recorded simultaneously from the same microelectrode placement were studied by correlational analysis. The receptive fields of pairs of such cells exhibit either 90 degrees (quadrature phase) or 180 degrees (anti-phase) phase relationships. We now show that the majority of quadrature phase pair members do not(More)
White noise stimuli were used to estimate second-order kernels for complex cells in cortical area V1 of the macaque monkey, and drifting grating stimuli were presented to the sample of neurons to obtain orientation and spatial-frequency tuning curves. Using these data, we quantified how well second-order kernels predict the normalized tuning of the average(More)
Structural testing methods based on experimental white noise stimulus-response data were used to evaluate multi-input linear-nonlinear (LN) cascade models for simple and complex cells in macaque striate cortex. An LN structural test index, based on white noise stimulation, was developed and found to be suitable for classifying cells as simple vs complex. In(More)
Recurrent projections comprise a universal feature of cerebral organization. Here, we show that the corticofugal projections from the striate cortex (VI) to the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) robustly and multiplicatively enhance the responses of parvocellular neurons, stimulated by gratings restricted to the classical receptive field and modulated in(More)
Response properties of neurons in V3A were studied at a retinal eccentricity of 2-4 deg. The distributions of spatial frequency bandwidths and orientation bandwidths were similar to those of neurons in V1. Peaks of spatial frequency tuning curves ranged from 0.35 to 8.0 c/deg with a mean of 1.75 c/deg. Most V3A cells showed lowpass or, less often, broad(More)
We have studied the responses of simple and complex cells in the primary visual cortex of the cat to rigidly drifting compound sine-wave gratings as a function of the phase offset between fundamental and harmonic frequencies that both fell within the passband of the cell. Simple cells show phase-dependent increases and decreases in peak and mean response(More)
Even though there are many more cycles of the "optimal" grating extending across the receptive fields of cells in V3A than of cells in V1 and V2, the spatial frequency bandwidths in V3A are no narrower than in V1 or V2. Thus, the inputs to V3A cells are not combined in a phase coherent manner across the entire receptive field. Moreover, the defined(More)
We have tested the hypothesis that complex cell receptive fields are made up of subfields which, for a given cell, have either exclusively even or exclusively odd symmetry. To do this we have measured the response of complex cells in the visual cortex of the cat to members of pairs of spatially limited even-symmetric stimuli (single light and dark bars) and(More)
PURPOSE A driving simulator was used to examine the relationship between motion perception and driving performance. Although motion perception test scores have been shown to be related to driving safety, it is not clear which combination of tests are the best predictors and whether motion perception training can improve driving performance. METHODS In(More)