James P G Turton

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Duplications of Xq26-27 have been implicated in the etiology of X-linked hypopituitarism associated with mental retardation (MR). Additionally, an expansion of a polyalanine tract (by 11 alanines) within the transcription factor SOX3 (Xq27.1) has been reported in patients with growth hormone deficiency and variable learning difficulties. We report a(More)
CONTEXT Mutations in the transcription factor HESX1 have previously been described in association with septooptic dysplasia (SOD) as well as isolated defects of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis. OBJECTIVE Given that previous screening was carried out by SSCP detection alone and limited to coding regions, we performed an in-depth genetic analysis of HESX1(More)
OBJECTIVE Mutations within the pituitary-specific paired-like homeobox gene PROP1 have been described in 50-100% of patients with familial combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD). We screened a cohort of sporadic (n = 189) and familial (n = 44) patients with hypopituitarism (153 CPHD and 80 isolated hormone deficiencies) for mutations within the coding(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent studies have suggested that mutations in genes encoding several hypothalamo-pituitary (H-P) transcription factors result in hypopituitarism [isolated GH deficiency (IGHD) and combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD)], which may in turn be related to the neuroanatomy revealed by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Although studies have(More)
OBJECTIVE The role of GH in early human growth is unclear. Congenital GH deficiency (CGHD) provides a useful tool to explore this putative role. We have assessed the effects of CGHD on birth size and early postnatal growth, and the further impact of the presence of additional pituitary hormone deficiencies and midline brain defects on these parameters. (More)
CONTEXT It is estimated that 3-30% of cases with isolated GH deficiency (IGHD) have a genetic etiology, with a number of mutations being reported in GH1 and GHRHR. The aim of our study was to genetically characterize a cohort of patients with congenital IGHD and analyze their characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 224 patients (190 pedigrees)(More)
OBJECTIVE Homozygous mutations in the gene encoding the pituitary transcription factor PROP1 are associated with combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD) in both mice and humans with a highly variable phenotype with respect to the severity and time of initiation of pituitary hormone deficiency. We have ascertained three pedigrees with PROP1 mutations(More)
CONTEXT Mutations within the gene encoding the pituitary-specific transcription factor POU1F1 are associated with combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD). Most of the affected individuals manifest GH, prolactin, and TSH deficiency. OBJECTIVE We have now screened 129 individuals with CPHD and isolated GH deficiency for mutations within POU1F1. (More)
BACKGROUND LHX4 encodes a member of the LIM-homeodomain family of transcription factors that is required for normal development of the pituitary gland. To date, only incompletely penetrant heterozygous mutations in LHX4 have been described in patients with variable combined pituitary hormone deficiencies. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS To report a unique family(More)
Aberrant embryonic development of the hypothalamus and/or pituitary gland in humans results in congenital hypopituitarism (CH). Transcription factor 7-like 1 (TCF7L1), an important regulator of the WNT/β-catenin signaling pathway, is expressed in the developing forebrain and pituitary gland, but its role during hypothalamo-pituitary (HP) axis formation or(More)