James P. Connell

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A method is outlined for large-scale isolation and characterization of microsatellite sequences from complex plant genomes. The method presented here differs from the previously published procedures in the use of randomly sheared (nebulized) genomic DNA for adapter-ligation, rigorous removal of biotinylated oligos, and high-density colony blots for(More)
Previous studies using a brome mosaic virus (BMV) RNA-2 deletion mutant (pRNA-2 M/S) and additional derivatives as reporters established that viral sequences resembling internal control regions (ICRs) 1 and 2 of tRNA gene promoters are vital to (+)-strand replication in protoplasts. Transfer of these mutations to genomic RNA-2 and functional analysis in(More)
Glutathione reductase (EC 1.6.4.2) was purified from intact pea (Pisum sativum) chloroplasts by a method which includes affinity chromatography on ADP-agarose. Fractions from the affinity column which had glutathione reductase activity consisted of polypeptides of 60 and 32 kilodaltons. Separation of the proteins by electrophoresis on native gels showed(More)
An understanding of the molecular mechanisms that are responsible for increased oleic acid accumulation would open avenues to alter peanut fatty acid composition and allow detection of polymorphic regions which can be used for marker assisted selection (MAS). Δ12-Fatty acid desaturase (FAD) was isolated and characterized from genotypes having a low or high(More)
Transfection of barley protoplasts with brome mosaic virus (BMV) RNAs 1 + 2 in the absence of RNA-3 yielded a molar ratio for (+):(-)-strand progeny at 24 hr postinoculation near unity, whereas over 100-fold more (+)- than (-)-strand progeny accumulated in its presence. The presence of RNA-3 enhanced total (+)-strand RNA production 205-fold and that of RNAs(More)
Transcriptional enhancers are able to increase transcription from heterologous promoters when placed upstream, downstream and in either orientation, relative to the promoter. Transcriptional enhancers have been used to enhance expression of specific promoters in transgenic plants and in activation tagging studies to help elucidate gene function. A(More)
Naturally occurring defective interfering RNAs (DI-RNAs) greatly reduce the accumulation of their helper virus in vivo, but are rarely associated with plant positive-strand RNA viruses. Deletion mutants pRNA-2 M/S and pRNA-2 E/S, derived from brome mosaic virus (BMV) genomic RNA-2, replicated in a manner dependent on BMV RNA-1 and -2, and effectively(More)
Naturally occurring defective interfering RNAs (DI-RNAs) and satellite RNAs greatly reduce the accumulation of their helper virus in vivo, but often modulate symptom expression in an unpredictable manner. Deletion mutants Nc/S, Na/M and Sa/Nc + M/S, derived from brome mosaic virus (BMV) RNA-2, failed to replicate when co-inoculated with BMV RNAs-1 and -2 to(More)
Globulins are the most abundant seed storage proteins in cotton and, therefore, their regulatory sequences could potentially provide a good source of seed-specific promoters. We isolated the putative promoter region of cotton α-globulin B gene by gene walking using the primers designed from a cotton staged embryo cDNA clone. PCR amplified fragment of 1108(More)