James P. Barry

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Changes in the invertebrate fauna of a California rocky intertidal community between the period 1931 to 1933 and the period 1993 to 1994 indicate that species' ranges shifted northward, consistent with predictions of change associated with climate warming. Of 45 invertebrate species, the abundances of eight of nine southern species increased and the(More)
In marine ecosystems, rising atmospheric CO2 and climate change are associated with concurrent shifts in temperature, circulation, stratification, nutrient input, oxygen content, and ocean acidification, with potentially wide-ranging biological effects. Population-level shifts are occurring because of physiological intolerance to new environments, altered(More)
Massive accumulations of very large Beggiatoa spp. are found at a Monterey Canyon cold seep and at Guaymas Basin hydrothermal vents. Both environments are characterized by high sediment concentrations of soluble sulfide and low levels of dissolved oxygen in surrounding waters. These filamentous, sulfur-oxidizing bacteria accumulate nitrate intracellularly(More)
During the austral summer of 1975–76 and winter of 1977 benthic and water column chlorophyll a and phaeopigments were measured at several sites along the east and west sides of McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Estimates of in situ primary productivity were made at some McMurdo Sound locations. Additionally, water column samples were collected at 5 stations in the(More)
Measurements of hydrographic parameters (temperature, salinity, nitrate, nitrite, phosphate, chlorophyll a, phaeophytin, and oxygen) in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica during spring, 1984, before the regional phytoplankton bloom, and summer, 1984, after the peak of the bloom, indicate the several processes contribute to changes in the vertical and horizontal(More)
Current speed and direction measurements collected during summer (January–February) and sping (November–December) of 1984 indicated that currents in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica were dominated by oscillatory flow associated with diurnal tidal components (O1, K1, P1). Net flow was southward in the eastern Sound, mixed in the central Sound, and northward in the(More)
Analyses of sulfide, methane, oxygen, and CO, in pore-water sampdes from three cold seep sites in Monterey Bay indicate that fluid chemistry is a strong determinant of the distribution of chemolithoautotrophic vesicomyid clams. The distribution of Culyptogena pacijca and Culyptogenu kilmeri were aligned closely with sulfide concentrations at all cold seeps(More)
Ocean acidification, chemical changes to the carbonate system of seawater, is emerging as a key environmental challenge accompanying global warming and other human-induced perturbations. Considerable research seeks to define the scope and character of potential outcomes from this phenomenon, but a crucial impediment persists. Ecological theory, despite its(More)
Nucleotide sequences at two mitochondrial genes from 57 individuals representing eight species of deep-sea clams (Vesicomyidae) were examined for variation consistent with the neutral model of molecular evolution. One gene, cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI), deviated from the expectations of neutrality by containing an excess of intraspecific nonsynonymous(More)
Polar ecosystems are sensitive to climate forcing, and we often lack baselines to evaluate changes. Here we report a nearly 50-year study in which a sudden shift in the population dynamics of an ecologically important, structure-forming hexactinellid sponge, Anoxycalyx joubini was observed. This is the largest Antarctic sponge, with individuals growing over(More)