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OBJECTIVE We aimed to assess the nature and patterns of psychiatric disorders among adolescents who had been war-abducted in the war in northern Uganda, compared to non-abducted adolescents living in Gulu district, Uganda. METHOD A cros sectional study that used an unmatched case-control design compared 82 abducted and 71 non-abducted adolescents for(More)
BACKGROUND Nodding Syndrome (NS), previously called Nodding Disease, is a chronic and debilitating illness affecting thousands of children aged 3-18 years in post-conflict Northern Uganda and South Sudan. Characterised by malnutrition, stunted growth, mental retardation and seizures, some researchers have designated it as epilepsy. With reports appearing in(More)
BACKGROUND Group support psychotherapy (GSP) is a culturally sensitive intervention that aims to treat depression by enhancing social support, teaching coping skills, and income-generating skills. We compared GSP with group HIV education (GHE) for treatment of depression in people with HIV in Uganda. METHODS In this open-label randomised controlled trial,(More)
BACKGROUND Psychotherapy is the recommended first line treatment for mild to moderate depression. However, its availability in low resource settings is limited. We developed a manualized culturally sensitive group support psychotherapeutic intervention for depressed HIV affected Ugandan adults. In this study, we aimed to assess its feasibility,(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between war-related trauma exposure, depressive symptoms and multiple risk behaviors among adolescents is less clear in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS We analyzed data collected from a sample of school-going adolescents four years postwar. Participants completed interviews assessing various risk behaviors defined by the Youth Self(More)
BACKGROUND Depression is ranked first among neuropsychiatric diseases that contribute to the burden of disease in low- and middle-income countries. However, access to antidepressants is limited and there is a dearth of locally developed psychotherapeutic interventions targeted to treat depression. AIM We aimed to obtain information on the cultural(More)
BACKGROUND The effectiveness of group interventions for adults with mental distress in post-conflict settings is less clear in sub-Saharan Africa. AIM To assess the impact of group counseling intervention on depression, post-traumatic stress and function outcomes among adults attending the Peter C. Alderman Foundation (PCAF) trauma clinics in northern(More)
Child soldiers often experience complex trauma as victims and perpetrators, and feelings of guilt may affect their psychological health. The relationship between the children's traumatic experiences as victims or perpetrators, their perception of themselves as victim or perpetrator, guilt and psychopathology were investigated: of the 330 former child(More)
BACKGROUND The association between attachment and mental health symptoms in adolescents in a post-conflict low resource setting has not been documented. METHODS We investigated the relationship between parent and peer attachment and posttraumatic stress, depression and anxiety symptoms in a sample of 551 adolescents aged 13-21 years old. Attachment(More)