James O. Shaw

Learn More
The Ca and P intakes of 148 pregnant and lactating women in a rural village in The Gambia, West Africa, have been estimated by direct weighing of food on a total of 4188 d. The Ca and P contents of local foods were determined by analysis of raw ingredients, snack foods and prepared dishes. Information about the contribution of mineral-rich seasonings was(More)
Significant alterations in the circulatory properties of platelets have been documented during IgE-induced systemic anaphylactic shock in the rabbit. Within 30 to 60 sec after i.v. antigen challenge, platelet aggregation occurs in both the venous and arterial circulations. The platelet aggregates then sequester in small blood vessels of various organs,(More)
The production of prostaglandin E2- (PGE2) like and thromboxane A2-(TXA2) like substances is increased after release of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) for 3 days in the isolated perfused rabbit kidney. It has been postulated that this increase in TXA2 biosynthesis might contribute to the development of vasoconstriction in the obstructed kidney. In(More)
1-O-Hexadecyl/octadecyl-2-acetyl-sn-glyceryl-3-phosphorylcholine (AGEPC), the acetylated alkyl phosphoglyceride known as platelet-activating factor, stimulated human neutrophil (PMN) exocytosis, migration, superoxide production and aggregation over a concentration range of 10(-10) to 10(-5) M. AGEPC-induced PMN exocytosis of azurophilic (myeloperoxidase and(More)
The effects of extracellular Ca2+ concentration and the putative antagonist of intracellular Ca2+ movement, 8-(N,N-diethylamino)octyl-3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoate (TMB-8) on platelet phospholipase activity and thromboxane B2 synthesis were examined in rabbit platelets stimulated by platelet activating factor, thrombin and ionophore A23187. TMB-8 markedly(More)
  • J O Shaw
  • The American journal of pathology
  • 1980
Lung inflammation was induced in rabbits by intratracheal injections of chemotactic fragments obtained from zymosan-activated serum (CF-ZAS), and the route of vascular emigration and alveolar surface interaction of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and monocytes migrating into the lung was characterized by transmission (TEM) and scanning (SEM)(More)
The influence of age, sex and body size on the bone mineral content of the radius (BMC) measured by single-photon absorptiometry has been studied in 134 British and 243 rural Gambian children aged 0-36 months. Growth rates and childhood nutrition, including calcium intakes, were markedly different in the two communities. In both groups BMC increased with(More)
There is a considerable amount of interest in prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) metabolism in potassium depletion, but the findings remain inconclusive. Thromboxane A2 (TXA2) is another type of prostaglandin with a vasoconstrictive property and its biosynthesis in the kidney is altered under pathophysiological conditions. We investigated the production of both(More)
The bone mineral content (BMC) of the mid-shaft radius was measured in 446 rural Gambian and 349 British women aged 18-80+ years using single-photon absorptiometry. The two groups of women differed substantially in habitual calcium intake, calcium requirements for reproduction, physical activity and incidence of minimal-trauma fractures. The relationships(More)