James O. Marx

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This investigation examined hormonal adaptations to acute resistance exercise and determined whether training adaptations are observed within an 8-week period in untrained men and women. The protocol consisted of a 1-week pre-conditioning orientation phase followed by 8 weeks of heavy resistance training. Three lower-limb exercises for the quadriceps(More)
This study evaluated the individual components of the insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) system [i.e., total and free IGF-I, insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-2 and -3, and the acid-labile subunit (ALS)] in 10 young, healthy men (age: 22 +/- 1 yr, height: 177 +/- 2 cm, weight: 79 +/- 3 kg, body fat: 11 +/- 1%) overnight for 13 h after two(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this investigation was to determine the long-term training adaptations associated with low-volume circuit-type versus periodized high-volume resistance training programs in women. METHODS 34 healthy, untrained women were randomly placed into one of the following groups: low-volume, single-set circuit (SSC; N = 12); periodized(More)
This study examined the hypothesis that exercise-induced changes in circulating testosterone would be centrally mediated via hypothalamic-pituitary release of luteinizing hormone (LH). We tested this hypothesis by examining overnight LH, total and free testosterone (TT and FT), and cortisol (C) concentrations in 10 young healthy men (21 +/- 1 yr) during two(More)
Long-term care facilities (LTCFs) may be defined as institutions that provide health care to people who are unable to manage independently in the community. This care may be chronic care management or short-term rehabilitative services. The term nursing home is defined as a facility licensed with an organized professional staff and inpatient beds that(More)
The effects of exercise on the molecular nature of secreted human growth hormone (GH) or its biological activity are not well understood. Plasma from women (average age 23.6 yr, n = 35), drawn before and after an acute heavy resistance exercise test, was fractionated by size exclusion chromatography into three size classes, namely, > 60 kDa (fraction A),(More)
Data are lacking regarding regional morphological changes among women after prolonged physical training. This study employed dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to assess changes in whole body and regional (i.e., trunk, legs, arms) fat mass, lean mass, and bone mineral content body composition adaptations in 31 healthy women pre-, mid-, and post-6 mo of(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the role played by pretranslational events in the decreased rate of myosin heavy-chain (MyHC) protein synthesis in old age. It was hypothesized that the decreased rate of MyHC protein synthesis reported in the elderly population is, at least in part, related to lower MyHC messenger RNA (mRNA) in old age.(More)
To fully understand the effect of scaling on skeletal muscle shortening velocity (V 0), it is important to know which phenotypic characteristics drive the changes between species. The purpose of the current investigation was to compare the effects of body mass and femur length, as an estimate of total limb length, on V 0 in species that cover a 100,000-fold(More)
Rodent motor units, muscle fibers, and motor proteins undergo significant aging-related changes. Such changes include spatial organization and physiological properties of fast- and slow-twitch single motor units, regulation of contractile speed and force generation capacity at the muscle fiber level, and altered functional properties of the motor protein(More)