James O L'esperance

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BACKGROUND Using a selective α-blocker for medical expulsive therapy (MET) is a cost-effective treatment approach widely used for ureteral stones. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of silodosin, a selective α-1a receptor antagonist, in this setting. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS This was a multicenter, phase 2 study conducted in adult patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effect of ureteral access sheaths (UASs) on stone-free rates (SFRs) during ureteroscopic treatment of renal calculi. Several advantages of UASs during flexible ureteroscopy have been documented. However, no study has evaluated their impact on SFRs. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed all ureteroscopic cases for the management of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE As radiologic detection of small renal masses increases, patients are increasingly offered percutaneous renal cryoablation (PRC) or transperitoneal laparoscopic renal cryoablation (TLRC). This multicenter experience compares these approaches. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between September 1998 and May 2010, review of our PRC and TLRC(More)
BACKGROUND Controversy exists regarding the need for ureteral stent insertion after routine ureteroscopic stone surgery. We designed a questionnaire to assess and better understand the practice patterns of urologists for stent applications. MATERIALS AND METHODS A 26-question survey was distributed to 570 community and academic urologists. The answers(More)
PURPOSE Hand assisted laparoscopy (HAL) has recently been accepted as a safe alternative for nephrectomy. HAL courses have been offered at several institutions to train novice laparoscopic surgeons in this minimally invasive surgical procedure. Mentoring by a course instructor or an experienced laparoscopist provides assistance to surgeons with their(More)
PURPOSE The frequency doubled, double pulse Nd:YAG (FREDDY) laser (World of Medicine, Berlin, Germany) functions through the generation of a plasma bubble. Upon bubble collapse a mechanical shock wave is generated, causing stone fragmentation. This mechanism of action is in contrast to the holmium laser, which cause stone destruction by vaporization.(More)
Tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a viable option for selected patients, particularly those with solitary calculi, multiple stones located in a single location, or those that can be accessed using one access tract. Benefits over the standard PCNL include reduced hospital stay, decreased pain, and decreased urine leak from the access site that(More)
BACKGROUND For patients with low-risk prostate cancer (PCa), active surveillance (AS) may produce oncologic outcomes comparable to those achieved with radical prostatectomy (RP). Health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) outcomes are important to consider, yet few studies have examined HRQoL among patients with PCa who were managed with AS. In this study, the(More)
In order to further our understanding of the physiology of corporal veno-occlusion, we developed a theory of a possible contribution to corporal venous outflow resistance which occurs as the result of venule stretching with resultant luminal narrowing when penile volume increases during the erection process. We stretched non-biological tubes and rabbit(More)
PURPOSE Extrinsic ureteral obstruction can be a challenging entity for the urologist since half of the ureteral stents placed for malignant obstruction fail. We evaluated the resistance to radial compression of various stents. MATERIALS AND METHODS Silhouette(R) 4.6Fr, 6Fr and 8Fr, Sof-Curl Tecoflex 6Fr, Resonance 6Fr, Polaris Ultra 6Fr and 7Fr, and(More)