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Neuronal plasticity associated with both short- and long-term administration of psychomotor stimulants involves alterations in specific patterns of gene expression. In order to screen for brain region specific mRNAs which are transcriptionally regulated by acute cocaine and amphetamine, PCR differential display was employed. This approach identified a(More)
Induction of prodynorphin gene expression by psychostimulant drugs may represent a compensatory adaptation to excessive dopamine stimulation and may contribute to the aversive aspects of withdrawal. We therefore investigated the molecular mechanisms by which dopamine psychostimulant drugs induce prodynorphin gene expression in vivo and in rat primary(More)
Five novel peptides were identified in the brains of mice lacking active carboxypeptidase E, a neuropeptide-processing enzyme. These peptides are produced from a single precursor, termed proSAAS, which is present in human, mouse, and rat. ProSAAS mRNA is expressed primarily in brain and other neuroendocrine tissues (pituitary, adrenal, pancreas); within(More)
We report here the isolation of a lambda genomic clone that contains the nucleotide sequence coding for the main exon of the rat prodynorphin (proenkephalin B) gene. This exon codes for the majority of the translated region of prodynorphin mRNA including the opioid peptides alpha-neo-endorphin, dynorphin A, and dynorphin B. The entire 3' untranslated region(More)
A unilateral experimental inflammation of the hindlimb produces hyperalgesia to both mechanical and radiant thermal stimuli that is rapid in onset. During this period, parameters of dynorphin biosynthesis are elevated to a much greater degree than those of the enkephalin system. An increase in the content of the peptide dynorphin A(1-8) occurs in the spinal(More)
The purpose of this study was to explore the dopaminergic control of the striatonigral dynorphin system. Seven daily injections of a dopamine (DA) agonist, apomorphine (APO, 5 mg/kg, b.i.d., s.c.), caused a significant increase of dynorphin A (1-8)-like immunoreactivity (DN-LI) in the striatum (140% over control) and substantia nigra (41% over control)(More)
The ontogeny of kainate induction of AP-1 mRNAs, proteins, and DNA binding activities was examined in the rat hippocampus. In addition, kainate induction of preproenkephalin and preprodynorphin mRNAs was examined; these genes have been shown to be induced by kainate and have been suggested to be targets of AP-1 regulation in adult rat hippocampus. Despite(More)
Cocaine is a psychomotor stimulant that exerts many of its behavioral and physiological effects through alteration of catecholamine reuptake systems. One early cellular response to cocaine administration is a brain region-specific alteration in the transcriptional pattern of immediate early genes belonging to the Fos/Jun family of nucleotide(More)
Injection of a complete Freunds adjuvant-saline emulsion into the hindpaw of the rat induces a peripheral inflammatory process accompanied by pronounced increase (3 fold) in spinal cord dynorphin content. A marked increase (approximately 9 fold) in the mRNA coding for the preprodynorphin precursor accompanies the increase in peptide. The parallel elevations(More)
Expression of mRNAs coding for the ACTH secretagogues corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) was examined in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of rats bearing hippocampal lesions. Either total hippocampectomy (HPX) or extirpation of the dorsal hippocampus (DHPX) precipitated a 4-fold increase in CRF mRNA expression(More)