James O. Deshler

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In many organisms, pattern formation in the embryo develops from the polarized distributions of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in the egg. In Xenopus, the mRNA encoding Vg1, a growth factor involved in mesoderm induction, is localized to the vegetal cortex of oocytes. A protein named Vera was shown to be involved in Vg1 mRNA localization. Vera cofractionates with(More)
BACKGROUND Cytoplasmic mRNA localization is a widespread mechanism for restricting the translation of specific mRNAs to distinct regions of eucaryotic cells. This process involves specific interactions between cellular factors and localization signals in the 3' untranslated regions of the localized mRNA. Because only a few of these cellular factors have(More)
The Caenorhabditis elegans heterochronic genes control the relative timing and sequence of many events during postembryonic development, including the terminal differentiation of the lateral hypodermis, which occurs during the final (fourth) molt. Inactivation of the heterochronic gene lin-42 causes hypodermal terminal differentiation to occur precociously,(More)
During oogenesis in Xenopus laevis, several RNAs that localize to the vegetal cortex via one of three temporally defined pathways have been identified. Although individual mRNAs utilize only one pathway, there is functional overlap and apparent continuity between them, suggesting that common cis-acting sequences may exist. Because previous work with the Vg1(More)
The actin (ACT) gene from the budding yeast Kluyveromyces lactis was cloned, and the nucleotide sequence was determined. The gene had a single intron 778 nucleotides in length which possessed the highly conserved splicing signals found in Saccharomyces cerevisiae introns. We demonstrated splicing of heterologous ACT transcripts in both K. lactis and S.(More)
In Xenopus, an early and a late pathway exist for the selective localization of RNAs to the vegetal cortex during oogenesis. Previous work has suggested that distinct cellular mechanisms mediate localization during these pathways. Here, we provide several independent lines of evidence supporting the existence of common machinery for RNA localization during(More)
The subcellular localization of specific mRNAs is a widespread mechanism for regulating gene expression. In Xenopus oocytes microtubules are required for localization of Vg1 mRNA to the vegetal cortex during the late RNA localization pathway. The factors that mediate microtubule-based RNA transport during the late pathway have been elusive. Here we show(More)
The 3' splice site of the budding yeast Kluyveromyces lactis actin gene (ACT) intron is distally spaced (122 nucleotides) from its branchpoint and is also preceded by a silent PyAG located 43 nucleotides upstream. We devised a genetic screen that resulted in the isolation of several randomly induced cis-acting mutations that activate the silent PyAG as a 3'(More)
Xenopus oocytes provide an excellent model system for understanding the cis-elements and protein factors that carry out mRNA localization in vertebrate cells. More than 20 mRNAs have been identified that localize to the vegetal cortex during stages II-IV of oogenesis. The earliest localizing RNAs are presorted to a subcellular structure, the Balbiani body(More)
Resolution of the fumarate reductase complex (ABCD) of Escherichia coli into reconstitutively active enzyme (AB) and a detergent preparation containing peptides C and D resulted in loss of quinone reductase activity, but the phenazine methosulfate or fumarate reductase activity of the enzyme was unaffected. An essential role for peptides C and D in quinone(More)