James Nowick

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Although aberrant protein aggregation has been conclusively linked to dozens of devastating amyloid diseases, scientists remain puzzled about the molecular features that render amyloid fibrils or small oligomers toxic. Here, we report a previously unobserved type of amyloid fibril that tests as cytotoxic: one in which the strands of the contributing(More)
The amyloid protein aggregation associated with diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and type II diabetes (among many others) features a bewildering variety of b-sheet-rich structures in transition from native proteins to ordered oligomers and fibres. The variation in the amino-acid sequences of the b-structures presents a challenge to developing a(More)
Protein amyloid oligomers have been strongly linked to amyloid diseases and can be intermediates to amyloid fibers. β-Sheets have been identified in amyloid oligomers. However, because of their transient and highly polymorphic properties, the details of their self-association remain elusive. Here we explore oligomer structure using a model system:(More)
This paper describes studies of a series of macrocyclic β-sheet peptides 1 that inhibit the aggregation of a tau-protein-derived peptide. The macrocyclic β-sheet peptides comprise a pentapeptide "upper" strand, two δ-linked ornithine turn units, and a "lower" strand comprising two additional residues and the β-sheet peptidomimetic template "Hao". The(More)
MOTIVATION Interchain beta-sheet (ICBS) interactions occur widely in protein quaternary structures, interactions between proteins and protein aggregation. These interactions play a central role in many biological processes and in diseases ranging from AIDS and cancer to anthrax and Alzheimer's. RESULTS We have created a comprehensive database of ICBS(More)
A macrocyclic β-sheet peptide containing two nonapeptide segments based on Aβ(15-23) (QKLVFFAED) forms fibril-like assemblies of oligomers in the solid state. The X-ray crystallographic structure of macrocyclic β-sheet peptide 3 was determined at 1.75 Å resolution. The macrocycle forms hydrogen-bonded dimers, which further assemble along the fibril axis in(More)
This paper describes the X-ray crystallographic structure of a designed cyclic β-sheet peptide that forms a well-defined hydrogen-bonded dimer that mimics β-sheet dimers formed by proteins. The 54-membered ring macrocyclic peptide (1a) contains molecular template and turn units that induce β-sheet structure in a heptapeptide strand that forms the(More)
Oligomeric assemblies of the protein α-synuclein are thought to cause neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease and related synucleinopathies. Characterization of α-synuclein oligomers at high resolution is an outstanding challenge in the field of structural biology. The absence of high-resolution structures of oligomers formed by α-synuclein impedes(More)
This contribution reports solution-phase structural studies of oligomers of a family of peptides derived from the β-amyloid peptide (Aβ). We had previously reported the X-ray crystallographic structures of the oligomers and oligomer assemblies formed in the solid state by a macrocyclic β-sheet peptide containing the Aβ(15-23) nonapeptide. In the current(More)
A peptide derived from Aβ17-36 crystallizes to form trimers that further associate to form higher-order oligomers. The trimers consist of three highly twisted β-hairpins in a triangular arrangement. Two trimers associate face-to-face in the crystal lattice to form a hexamer; four trimers in a tetrahedral arrangement about a central cavity form a dodecamer.(More)