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Pheromone-binding proteins (PBPs), located in the sensillum lymph of pheromone-responsive antennal hairs, are thought to transport the hydrophobic pheromones to the chemosensory membranes of olfactory neurons. It is currently unclear what role PBPs may play in the recognition and discrimination of species-specific pheromones. We have investigated the(More)
Understanding how the lipid environment influences transmembrane helix association requires thermodynamic measurements that can be interpreted in terms of specific chemical interactions. We have used Förster resonance energy transfer to measure dimerization of the glycophorin A transmembrane helix in detergent micelles. The observed Kd is at least two(More)
In addition to providing the earliest surface images of a native photosynthetic membrane at submolecular resolution, examination of the intracytoplasmic membrane (ICM) of purple bacteria by atomic force microscopy (AFM) has revealed a wide diversity of species-dependent arrangements of closely packed light-harvesting (LH) antennae, capable of fulfilling the(More)
We have examined the role of the environment on the interactions between transmembrane helices using, as a model system, the dimerization of the glycophorin A transmembrane helix. In this study we have focused on micellar environments and have examined a series of detergents that include a range of alkyl chain lengths, combined with ionic, zwitterionic, and(More)
For cells to function properly, membrane proteins must be able to diffuse within biological membranes. The functions of these membrane proteins depend on their position and also on protein-protein and protein-lipid interactions. However, so far, it has not been possible to study simultaneously the structure and dynamics of biological membranes. Here, we(More)
AFM has developed into a powerful tool in structural biology, providing topographs of proteins under close-to-native conditions and featuring an outstanding signal/noise ratio. However, the imaging mechanism exhibits particularities: fast and slow scan axis represent two independent image acquisition axes. Additionally, unknown tip geometry and tip-sample(More)
The cancer associated class 3 semaphorins require direct binding to neuropilins and association to plexins to trigger cell signaling. Here, we address the role of the transmembrane domains of neuropilin 1 and plexin A1 for the dimerization of the two receptors by characterizing the assembly in lipid bilayers using coarse-grained molecular dynamics(More)
Projection of transmembrane helices using a Uniform B-spline Algorithm is a tool for the visualization of interactions between helices in membrane proteins. It allows the user to generate projections of 3D helices, no matter what their deviations from a canonical helix might be. When associated with adapted coloring schemes it facilitates the comprehension(More)
The lateral organization of biological membranes is of great importance in many biological processes, both for the formation of specific structures such as super-complexes and for function as observed in signal transduction systems. Over the last years, AFM studies, particularly of bacterial photosynthetic membranes, have revealed that certain proteins are(More)