James N. Sturgis

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Understanding how the lipid environment influences transmembrane helix association requires thermodynamic measurements that can be interpreted in terms of specific chemical interactions. We have used Förster resonance energy transfer to measure dimerization of the glycophorin A transmembrane helix in detergent micelles. The observed Kd is at least two(More)
Pheromone-binding proteins (PBPs), located in the sensillum lymph of pheromone-responsive antennal hairs, are thought to transport the hydrophobic pheromones to the chemosensory membranes of olfactory neurons. It is currently unclear what role PBPs may play in the recognition and discrimination of species-specific pheromones. We have investigated the(More)
Despite extensive studies, the molecular mechanisms of Tau binding to microtubules (MTs) and its consequences on MT stability still remain unclear. It is especially true in cells where the spatiotemporal distribution of Tau-MT interactions is unknown. Using Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET), we showed that the Tau-MT interaction was distributed along(More)
We have examined mutants in the core light-harvesting complex of Rhodobacter sphaeroides in which the tryptophan residues located at positions alpha+11, beta+6, and beta+9 have been mutated to each of the three other aromatic amino acids, namely tyrosine, phenylalanine, and histidine. We confirm that the alpha+11 residue and show that the beta+9 residue(More)
The Tol-Pal system of Escherichia coli is required for the maintenance of outer membrane stability. Recently, proton motive force (pmf) has been found to be necessary for the co-precipitation of the outer membrane lipoprotein Pal with the inner membrane TolA protein, indicating that the Tol-Pal system forms a transmembrane link in which TolA is energized.(More)
The type II secretion pathway of Pseudomonas aeruginosa is involved in the extracellular release of various toxins and hydrolytic enzymes such as exotoxin A and elastase. This pathway requires the function of a macromolecular complex called the Xcp secreton. The Xcp secreton shares many features with the machinery involved in type IV pilus assembly. More(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa controls the production of many exoproteins and secondary metabolites via a hierarchical quorum sensing (QS) regulatory cascade involving the LuxR-like proteins LasR, RhlR and their cognate signal molecules N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-l-homoserine lactone (3O-C12-HSL) and N-(butanoyl)-l-homoserine lactone (C4-HSL). The finding of a third(More)
Aerobic photosynthetic bacteria possess the unusual characteristic of producing different classes of carotenoids. In this study, we demonstrate the presence of two distinct crt gene clusters involved in the synthesis of spirilloxanthin and canthaxanthin in a Bradyrhizobium strain. Each cluster contains the genes crtE, crtB, and crtI leading to the common(More)
In addition to providing the earliest surface images of a native photosynthetic membrane at submolecular resolution, examination of the intracytoplasmic membrane (ICM) of purple bacteria by atomic force microscopy (AFM) has revealed a wide diversity of species-dependent arrangements of closely packed light-harvesting (LH) antennae, capable of fulfilling the(More)