James N. Culver

Learn More
Virus infections are the cause of numerous plant disease syndromes that are generally characterized by the induction of disease symptoms such as developmental abnormalities, chlorosis, and necrosis. How viruses induce these disease symptoms represents a long-standing question in plant pathology. Recent studies indicate that symptoms are derived from(More)
The traditional motivation for integrating biological components into microfabricated devices has been to create biosensors that meld the molecular recognition capabilities of biology with the signal processing capabilities of electronic devices. However, a different motivation is emerging; biological components are being explored to radically change how(More)
In this study, mRNA profiles generated from cDNA microarrays were used to identify gene expression changes in Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Shahdara infected with Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV). Shahdara is a susceptible TMV host, permitting rapid accumulations of virus in both inoculated and systemic tissues, accompanied by defined disease symptoms that include(More)
The structural proteins of plant viruses have evolved to self-associate into complex macromolecules that are centrally involved in virus biology. In this review, the structural and biophysical properties of the Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) coat protein (CP) are addressed in relation to its role in host resistance and disease development. TMV CP affects the(More)
Virus-infected plants often display developmental abnormalities that include stunting, leaf curling, and the loss of apical dominance. In this study, the helicase domain of the Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) 126- and/or 183-kDa replicase protein(s) was found to interact with the Arabidopsis Aux/IAA protein PAP1 (also named IAA26), a putative regulator of auxin(More)
A transient expression system using onion epidermal cells was used to investigate domains of the Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) 126-kDa replicase protein involved in cellular localization. Initially, a nuclear localization signal (NLS), identified within the amino-terminus of the 126-kDa protein, was investigated for its functionality using fusion constructs(More)
High area nickel and cobalt surfaces were assembled using modified Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) templates. Rod-shaped TMV templates (300 x 18 nm) engineered to encode unique cysteine residues were self-assembled onto gold patterned surfaces in a vertically oriented fashion, producing a >10-fold increase in surface area. Electroless deposition of ionic metals(More)
The Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) 126-kDa and read-through 183-kDa replicase-associated proteins have been shown to interact [Watanabe, T., Honda, A., Iwata, A., Ueda, S., Hibi, T., Ishihama, A. (1999). J. Virol. 73, 2633-2640]. To identify and investigate the sequence required for this interaction, five segments covering different portions of the 126/183-kDa(More)
An interaction between the helicase domain of the Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) 126-/183-kDa replicase protein(s) and the Arabidopsis thaliana NAC domain transcription factor ATAF2 was identified via yeast two-hybrid and in planta immunoprecipitation assays. ATAF2 is transcriptionally induced in response to TMV infection, and its overexpression significantly(More)
Ribgrass mosaic virus (RMV) is a member of the tobamovirus group of plant viruses. The structure has been determined at 2.9 A resolution by fiber diffraction methods, and refined by molecular dynamics methods to an R-factor of 0.095. The carboxyl-carboxylate interactions that drive disassembly in tobamoviruses are present in RMV, but are very different from(More)