James N. Carleton

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Data from 35 studies on 49 wetland systems used to treat stormwater runoff or runoff-impacted surface waters were examined and compared in order to identify any obvious trends that may aid future stormwater treatment wetland design efforts. Despite the intermittent nature of hydrologic and pollutant inputs from stormwater runoff, our analysis demonstrates(More)
Prothrombin denaturation was examined in the presence of Na2EDTA, 5mM CaCl2, and CaCl2 plus membranes containing 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-3-sn-phosphatidylcholine (POPC) in combination with either bovine brain phosphatidylserine (PS) or 1,2-dioleoyl-phosphatidylglycerol (DOPG). Heating denaturation of prothrombin produced thermograms showing two peaks, a minor(More)
Rebreathing of expired air may be a lethal hazard for prone sleeping infants. This paper describes a mechanical model to simulate infant breathing, and examines the effects of bedding on exhaled air retention. Under simulated rebreathing conditions, the model allows the monitoring of raised carbon dioxide (CO2) inside an artificial lung-trachea system.(More)
Threshold concentrations for biological impairment by nutrients are difficult to quantify in lotic systems, yet States and Tribes in the United States are charged with developing water quality criteria to protect these ecosystems from excessive enrichment. The analysis described in this article explores the use of the ecosystem model AQUATOX to investigate(More)
Although treatment wetlands are intended to attenuate pollutants, reliably predicting their performance remains a challenge because removal processes are often complex, spatially heterogeneous, and incompletely understood. Although initially popular for characterizing wetland performance, plug flow reactor models are problematic because their parameters(More)
Subjecting a suspension of biological sludge to underwater sparks (3kV, 50kA) leads to its consolidation, decreases the charge density on the solids, and increases its settling rate. The cake solids increase, but by only one percentage point. High-speed video images show that the spark generates a steam bubble. The dynamics of bubble growth could be(More)
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