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BACKGROUND There have been no recent assessments of the economic burden of sinusitis in the peer-reviewed literature. OBJECTIVE We sought to estimate the 1996 total direct health care expenditures for the treatment of sinusitis. METHODS This study determined (1) direct expenditures of medical and surgical encounters in which sinusitis was the primary(More)
BACKGROUND 25% to 30% of Veterans deployed to the 1990 to 1991 Persian Gulf War exhibit an idiopathic syndrome of chronic fatigue, exertional exhaustion, pain, hyperalgesia, cognitive and affective dysfunction known as Gulf War Illness (GWI). METHODS Gulf War veterans (n=15) and sedentary veteran and civilian controls (n=11) completed a 2-back working(More)
Nearly 30% of the approximately 700,000 military personnel who served in Operation Desert Storm (1990-1991) have developed Gulf War Illness, a condition that presents with symptoms such as cognitive impairment, autonomic dysfunction, debilitating fatigue and chronic widespread pain that implicate the central nervous system. A hallmark complaint of subjects(More)
BACKGROUND Previous estimates of the national economic burden of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (AR/AC) have relied on data analyses in which AR/AC was the primary International Classification of Diseases-ninth revision-Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM)-coded diagnosis. These studies ignore the costs when AR/AC was a secondary diagnosis to other disorders such(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), Persian Gulf War Illness (PGI), and fibromyalgia are overlapping symptom complexes without objective markers or known pathophysiology. Neurological dysfunction is common. We assessed cerebrospinal fluid to find proteins that were differentially expressed in this CFS-spectrum of illnesses compared to control(More)
About 25% of 1990-1991 Persian Gulf War veterans experience disabling fatigue, widespread pain, and cognitive dysfunction termed Gulf War illness (GWI) or Chronic Multisymptom Illness (CMI). A leading theory proposes that wartime exposures initiated prolonged production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and central nervous system injury. The endogenous(More)
OBJECTIVE This review focuses on the uses of nasal provocation testing (NPT) for scientific investigations of the mechanisms of allergic and nonallergic rhinitis. It also describes the use of NPT as a diagnostic tool in clinical practice. The indications, contraindications, advantages, and limitations of different techniques for evaluation of nasal(More)
Hypertonic saline (HTS) induces bronchoconstriction. Potential mechanisms were evaluated in a human nasal provocation model. Aliquots of normal saline (1 x NS, 100 microliters) and higher concentrations (3 x NS, 6 x NS, 12 x NS, 24 x NS) were sprayed into one nostril at 5-min intervals. Lavage fluids were collected from the ipsilateral and contralateral(More)