James N. Arnold

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Immunoglobulins are the major secretory products of the adaptive immune system. Each is characterized by a distinctive set of glycoforms that reflects the wide variation in the number, type, and location of their oligosaccharides. In a given physiological state, glycoform populations are reproducible; therefore, disease-associated alterations provide(More)
The stromal microenvironment of tumors, which is a mixture of hematopoietic and mesenchymal cells, suppresses immune control of tumor growth. A stromal cell type that was first identified in human cancers expresses fibroblast activation protein-α (FAP). We created a transgenic mouse in which FAP-expressing cells can be ablated. Depletion of FAP-expressing(More)
Ovarian cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women in the Western world. In a pilot scale study, we highlight changes in the total serum glycome of patients with advanced ovarian cancer that might shed insight into disease pathogenesis. These changes include increases in levels of core fucosylated, agalactosyl biantennary glycans (FA2) and sialyl(More)
The identification of serum biomarkers has lead to improvements in the detection and diagnosis of cancer, and combinations of these biomarkers have increased further their sensitivity and specificity. Glycosylation is the most common PTM of secreted proteins and the identification of novel serum glyco-biomarkers has become a topic of increasing interest(More)
The glycoprotein IgM is the major antibody produced in the primary immune response to antigens, circulating in the serum both as a pentamer and a hexamer. Pentameric IgM has a single J chain, which is absent in the hexamer. The mu (heavy) chain of IgM has five N-linked glycosylation sites. Asn-171, Asn-332, and Asn-395 are occupied by complex glycans,(More)
Mannose receptor (MR) is the best characterised member of a family of four endocytic molecules that share a common domain structure; a cysteine-rich (CR) domain, a fibronectin-type II (FNII) domain and tandemly arranged C-type lectin-like domains (CTLD, eight in the case of MR). Two distinct lectin activities have been described for MR. The CR domain(More)
Analysis of the glycosylation of human serum IgD and IgE indicated that oligomannose structures are present on both Igs. The relative proportion of the oligomannose glycans is consistent with the occupation of one N-linked site on each heavy chain. We evaluated the accessibility of the oligomannose glycans on serum IgD and IgE to mannan-binding lectin(More)
In humans there are five classes of immunoglobulins (Igs), IgG, IgM, IgA, IgE and IgD, all of which are glycoproteins. The Igs are the major secretory product of the adaptive immune system, and they bind to antigens via variable sequences on their Fab regions. The binding to antigen results in neutralization or agglutination of bound material and also(More)
The mannose receptor family comprises four members in mammals, Endo180 (CD280), DEC-205 (CD205), phospholipase A(2) receptor (PLA(2)R) and the mannose receptor (MR, CD206), whose extracellular portion contains a similar domain arrangement: an N-terminal cysteine-rich domain (CysR) followed by a single fibronectin type II domain (FNII) and 8-10 C-type(More)
The depletion of tumor stromal cells that are marked by their expression of the membrane protein fibroblast activation protein-α (FAP) overcomes immune suppression and allows an anticancer cell immune response to control tumor growth. In subcutaneous tumors established with immunogenic Lewis lung carcinoma cells expressing ovalbumin (LL2/OVA), the FAP(+)(More)