Learn More
Preeclampsia, a syndrome affecting 5% of pregnancies, causes substantial maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The pathophysiology of preeclampsia remains largely unknown. It has been hypothesized that placental ischemia is an early event, leading to placental production of a soluble factor or factors that cause maternal endothelial dysfunction,(More)
Requests for reprints should be addressed to Morten H. Christiansen, Program in Neural, Informational, and Behavioral Sciences, University of Southern California, University Park MC-2520, Los Angeles, CA 90089-2520. USA. We would like to thank Michael Brent, Gary Cottrell, James Morgan, and two anonymous reviewers for their comments on a previous version of(More)
We studied the effects of different classes of inotropic drugs on human working myocardium in vitro that was isolated from the hearts of patients with end-stage heart failure, and compared the responses to these drugs with those noted in muscles from nonfailing control hearts. Although peak isometric force generated in response to increased extracellular(More)
Recent evidence indicates that polyunsaturated long-chain fatty acids (PUFAs) prevent lethal ischemia-induced cardiac arrhythmias in animals and probably in humans. To increase understanding of the mechanism(s) of this phenomenon, the effects of PUFAs on Na+ currents were assessed by the whole-cell patch-clamp technique in cultured neonatal rat ventricular(More)
Many hypertrophic stimuli such as angiotensin II (Ang II) activate phospholipases through G protein-coupled receptors in cardiac myocytes. However, it is not known whether these stimuli also activate the tyrosine phosphorylation-dependent signaling pathway, which plays an essential role in growth factor-induced mitogenic responses in other cell types.(More)
Intracellular Ca2+ release and reuptake are essential for contraction and relaxation of normal heart muscle. Intracellular Ca2+ transients were recorded with aequorin during isometric contraction of myocardium from patients with end-stage heart failure. In contrast to controls, contractions and Ca2+ transients of muscles from failing hearts were markedly(More)
Our recent data show that in cardiac myocytes polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are antiarrhythmic. They reduce I(Na), shorten the action potential, shift the threshold for excitation to more positive potentials, and prolong the relative refractory period. In this study we use patch-clamp techniques in whole-cell mode and confocal Ca2+ imaging to examine(More)
Gait is impaired in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and Huntington's disease (HD), but gait dynamics in mouse models of PD and HD have not been described. Here we quantified temporal and spatial indices of gait dynamics in a mouse model of PD and a mouse model of HD. Gait indices were obtained in C57BL/6J mice treated with the dopaminergic neurotoxin(More)
Studies have shown that fish oils, containing n-3 fatty acids, have protective effects against ischemia-induced, fatal cardiac arrhythmias in animals and perhaps in humans. In this study we used the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique to assess the effects of dietary, free long-chain fatty acids on the Na+ current (INa,alpha) in human embryonic kidney(More)
BACKGROUND The development of heart failure after acute myocardial infarction (MI) may be related to alterations of left ventricular (LV) structure and function. Pathological LV remodeling may exacerbate systolic and diastolic dysfunction because increased cavity dimensions tend to increase LV wall stress. Unfortunately, many complicating factors have made(More)