James Mill

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Until recently, nerve growth factor could be considered the only neurotrophic factor with an established physiological role. We discuss the emerging evidence indicating that the insulinlike factors may constitute a family of related neurotrophic proteins, and the observations suggesting that the receptor for the phorbol ester tumor promoters is closely(More)
Neurotrophic factors may increase axon and dendrite growth in part by regulating the content of cytoskeletal elements such as microtubules, which are comprised of tubulin subunits. The mechanism by which insulin, insulin-like growth factors (IGFs), and nerve growth factor (NGF) can increase the relative abundance of tubulin mRNAs as a prelude to neurite(More)
Cocultures of rat cortical astrocytes with cerebellar granule cell neurons, but not a variety of other cell types tested, resulted in an induction of glutamine synthetase (GS) mRNA over the basal levels expressed in pure astrocyte cultures. This induction involved both contact- and noncontact-mediated events and may be a result of astroglial differentiation(More)
  • David Ricardo’s, Roy J. Ruffin, +8 authors James Mill
  • 2003
This paper argues that Ricardo's discovery of the law of comparative advantage probably occurred in October 1816. The " Ricardo effect " served as a red herring to cause scholars to possibly misread Ricardo's letters in a crucial period. The letters as well as his book tell a rather beautiful and remarkable story about Ricardo's method of discovery. The(More)
A 2.4 kb cDNA clone containing the coding sequence for glutamine synthetase (GS) was isolated from a rat brain cDNA library, and a probe constructed from this cDNA was utilized in Northern analysis of total RNA to study the tissue distribution and the ontogeny of GS mRNA expression in the rat brain from embryonic day 14 (E14) to adulthood. The levels of GS(More)
Both a partial cDNA clone and a complete genomic clone have been isolated for human gfa, the gene encoding the major component of astrocyte intermediate filaments, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). The nucleotide sequence of the entire coding region and 102 bp of the 5' flanking DNA was determined. The mRNA start site was identified by primer(More)
Glutamine synthetase catalyzes the formation of glutamine from glutamate and ammonia. It plays a central role in both amino acid neurotransmitter metabolism and ammonia detoxification in the central nervous system. Glutamine synthetase expression is regulated in developmental, hormonal, and in tissue- and cell-specific manners. We have cloned a full-length(More)
The prohormone convertase (PC2) is expressed in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS) and has been shown to play an important role in the processing of certain neuropeptide precursors and prohormones at paired basic residues. Amphibian PC2 cDNA was recently cloned for the frog Xenopus laevis, and both its sequence and its pituitary expression pattern(More)
To investigate LIM gene function in the rat cerebellar system, we analyzed expression and regulation of the rat homologue of frog Xlim-1 (rlim-1) in vivo and in cultured cells. In developing cerebellum, peak levels of rlim-1 mRNA at postnatal day 8 (p8) are coincident with the peak period of granule cell proliferation. Analysis of rlim-1 protein with a(More)
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