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Cytochrome P450 2B6 is a genetically polymorphic enzyme that is important in the metabolism of a number of clinically used drugs. This enzyme is not as well studied as other cytochrome P450 (P450) isoforms because of the lack of specific antibodies, probe drugs, and inhibitors. Although recent progress has been made toward specific antibodies and probe(More)
Background: Tamoxifen, a selective estrogen receptor mod-ulator (SERM), is converted to 4-hydroxy-tamoxifen and other active metabolites by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), which are often prescribed to alleviate tamoxifen-associated hot flashes, can inhibit CYPs. In a prospective clinical trial, we tested the(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of tamoxifen therapy for the treatment of breast cancer varies widely among individuals. Plasma concentrations of the active tamoxifen metabolite endoxifen are associated with the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 genotype. We examined the effects of concomitant use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressants, which are CYP2D6(More)
Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer in women, and over two-thirds of cases express estrogen receptor-α (ER-α, encoded by ESR1). Through a prospective clinical sequencing program for advanced cancers, we enrolled 11 patients with ER-positive metastatic breast cancer. Whole-exome and transcriptome analysis showed that six cases harbored mutations of(More)
We used expression microarrays to test the effects of rifampin on the overall pattern of mRNA expression of multiple metabolic enzymes in primary human hepatocytes. Two microarrays were utilized, a cDNA-based array and one that is oligonucleotide-based. The cDNA-based expression arrays showed that rifampin caused a 7.7 +/- 6.6-fold induction in CYP2A6 and a(More)
PURPOSE Polymorphisms in tamoxifen metabolizing genes affect the plasma concentration of tamoxifen metabolites, but their effect on clinical outcome is unknown. METHODS We determined cytochrome P450 (CYP)2D6 (*4 and *6) and CYP3A5 (*3) genotype from paraffin-embedded tumor samples and buccal cells (living patients) in tamoxifen-treated women enrolled onto(More)
PURPOSE There are no established genetic markers for prediction of outcomes after cyclophosphamide (CP)-containing adjuvant therapy for breast cancer. In an ancillary study to a SWOG (Southwest Oncology Group) trial (S8897), we investigated functional polymorphisms in 4 genes in CP pharmacokinetic pathways in relation to hematologic toxicity and(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen plays a central role in breast cancer pathogenesis and many potent risk factors for the development of the disease can be explained in terms of increased lifetime exposure to estrogen. Although estrogen regulated genes have been identified, those critically involved in growth regulation remain elusive.METHODS. To identify candidate genes(More)
Breast cancer presents as either estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) positive or negative, with ERalpha+ tumors responding to antiestrogen therapy and having a better prognosis. By themselves, mRNA expression signatures of estrogen regulation in ERalpha+ breast cancer cells do not account for the vast molecular differences observed between ERalpha+ and(More)
BACKGROUND Adjuvant tamoxifen therapy is effective for postmenopausal women with endocrine-responsive breast cancer. Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) enzyme metabolizes tamoxifen to clinically active metabolites, and CYP2D6 polymorphisms may adversely affect tamoxifen efficacy. In this study, we investigated the clinical relevance of CYP2D6 polymorphisms. (More)