James Merryweather

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Cachectin (tumor necrosis factor), a protein produced in large quantities by endotoxin-activated macrophages, has been implicated as an important mediator of the lethal effect of endotoxin. Recombinant human cachectin was infused into rats in an effort to determine whether cachectin, by itself, can elicit the derangements of host physiology caused by(More)
A cDNA containing the complete amino acid-coding region of wound-induced tomato Inhibitor II was constructed in the plasmid pUC9. The open reading frame codes for 148 amino acids including a 25-amino acid signal sequence preceding the N-terminal lysine of the mature Inhibitor II. The Inhibitor II sequence exhibits two domains, one domain having a trypsin(More)
The RNA genome of human hepatitis A virus (HAV) was molecularly cloned. Recombinant DNA clones representing the entire HAV RNA were used to determine the primary structure of the viral genome. The length of the viral genome is 7478 nucleotides. An open reading frame starting at nucleotide 734 and terminating at nucleotide 7415 encodes a polyprotein of Mr(More)
A cDNA containing the coding region for the complete amino acid sequence of wound-induced proteinase Inhibitor I from tomato leaves was constructed in the plasmid pUC9 and characterized. The open reading frame codes for a protein of 111 amino acids. This deduced amino acid sequence revealed the presence of a 42-amino acid N-terminal sequence that is not(More)
The insulin-like growth factors (IGF) I and II are single-chain serum proteins of 70 and 67 amino acids, respectively, which are synthesized by the liver and possibly other tissues. They are probably required for normal fetal and postnatal growth and development. They also stimulate the growth of cultured cells, possibly by controlling the progression(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells were transformed with plasmids containing hybrid genes in which the sequence encoding mature human epidermal growth factor was joined to sequences encoding the leader region (preprosegment) of the precursor of the yeast mating pheromone alpha-factor. These cells accurately process the hybrid protein and efficiently secrete(More)
In the course of studies on cachectin/TNF being conducted in our laboratory, a novel macrophage product has been detected and characterized. Termed macrophage inflammatory protein or MIP, this protein appears to be an endogenous mediator of the inflammatory events induced by endotoxin. A cDNA cloned probe for this protein has been isolated from a lambda(More)
Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and insulin stem from a common precursor, are structural homologues, act through similar receptors and elicit insulin-like and growth-promoting effects in vitro and in vivo. Serum IGF-I levels are controlled by growth hormone, insulin and nutrition. Insulin-deficient growth-arrested diabetic animals have reduced serum(More)
The production of extracellular human insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) in yeast is deleterious to the growth of the host organism. Mutants resistant to the toxic effects of IGF-I production were isolated. A subset of these mutants produced levels of IGF-I greater than the parent strain and were due to chromosomal recessive mutations at a single locus,(More)
A synthetic gene coding for human-insulin-like growth factor I (IGFI) was fused to the leader sequence of yeast prepro-alpha-factor and expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae under the control of a glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase promoter fragment. Recombinant IGFI was found inside yeast cells and secreted into the medium. The secreted IGFI migrated(More)