James Melton

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Can Crowds serve as useful allies in policy design? How do non-expert Crowds perform relative to experts in the assessment of policy measures? Does the geographic location of non-expert Crowds, with relevance to the policy context, alter the performance of non-experts Crowds in the assessment of policy measures? In this work, we investigate these questions(More)
Sequencing mitochondrial and chloroplast genomes has become an integral part in understanding the genomic machinery and the phylogenetic histories of green algae. Previously, only three chloroplast genomes (Oltmannsiellopsis viridis, Pseudendoclonium akinetum, and Bryopsis hypnoides) and two mitochondrial genomes (O. viridis and P. akinetum) from the class(More)
It is often asserted that the United States' Constitution is the world's most difficult to amend. 2 Depending on one's normative perspective, this fact is either seen as a reflection of the Constitution's genius and a key to its endurance, or as a barrier to modernization. 3 But virtually all observers agree on the basic fact of difficulty. The question is:(More)
Executive term limits are precommitments through which the polity restricts its ability to retain a popular executive down the road. But in recent years, many presidents around the world have chosen to remain in office even after their initial maximum term in office has expired. They have largely done so by amending the constitution, sometimes by replacing(More)
Premised upon the observation that MOOC and crowdsourcing phenomena share several important characteristics, including IT mediation, large-scale human participation, and varying levels of openness to participants, this work systematizes a comparison of MOOC and crowdsourcing phenomena along these salient dimensions. In doing so, we learn that both domains(More)
supplementary information is organized into six sections. The first provides information about the sample, the operationalization of all variables used in the analysis, and summary statistics for those variables. The second provides a description of the de jure property rights index. The third provides the results from both a dynamic model and model using a(More)