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OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess if easy to measure vaginal fluid biomarkers are predictive for low birth weight (LBW, <2500 g), very LBW (VLBW, <1500 g), spontaneous preterm at <37 weeks' gestation, and total preterm deliveries (at <37, <35, <32 weeks' gestation). STUDY DESIGN Low and high cutoffs for vaginal fluid pH, sialidase, and(More)
The surface chemical properties and the electronic properties of vapor grown carbon nanofibers (VGCNFs) have been modified by treatment of the oxidized CNFs with NH(3). The effect of treatment temperature on the types of nitrogen functionalities introduced was evaluated by synchrotron based X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), while the impact of the(More)
Homeostatic mechanisms stabilize neural circuit function by keeping firing rates within a set-point range, but whether this process is gated by brain state is unknown. Here, we monitored firing rate homeostasis in individual visual cortical neurons in freely behaving rats as they cycled between sleep and wake states. When neuronal firing rates were(More)
The liquid state structure of the ionic liquid, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([C(2)mim][OAc]), an excellent nonderivitizing solvent for cellulosic biomass, has been investigated at 323 K by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and by neutron diffraction using the SANDALS diffractometer at ISIS to provide experimental differential neutron scattering(More)
Aqueous liquid mixtures, in particular, those involving amphiphilic species, play an important role in many physical, chemical and biological processes. Of particular interest are alcohol/water mixtures; however, the structural dynamics of such systems are still not fully understood. Herein, a combination of terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) and(More)
The heterogeneous interactions of gas molecules on solid particles are crucial in many areas of science, engineering and technology. Such interactions play a critical role in atmospheric chemistry and in heterogeneous catalysis, a key technology in the energy and chemical industries. Investigating heterogeneous interactions upon single levitated particles(More)
Terahertz and PFG-NMR techniques are used to explore transitions in the structuring of binary alcohol/water mixtures. Three critical alcohol mole fractions (x1, x2, x3) are identified: methanol (10, 30, 70 mol %), ethanol (7, 15, 60 mol %), 1-propanol (2, 10, 50 mol %), and 2-propanol (2, 10, 50 mol %). Above compositions of x1 no isolated alcohol molecules(More)
Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy has been applied to the study of mainstream cigarette smoke from cigarettes of different stated strengths (regular and various light cigarettes with different reported nicotine, tar and CO contents). This technique has allowed for the measurement of a variety of gaseous components including hydrocarbons and(More)