James M. Vogel

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The extravascular fluid responses to real or simulated space-flight are not well-documented. In this study serial isotope measurements were used to obtain measurements of the body fluid responses of 10 22-29-year-old men during 28 d of simulated microgravity (bed rest). The subjects were maintained on a controlled metabolic diet for 7 d before the study,(More)
We investigated the usefulness of bone density measurements from multiple skeletal sites and calcaneus ultrasound for evaluating the probability of vertebral deformation. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the second metacarpal and middle phalanges using radiographic absorptiometry of hand radiographs, and at the lumbar spine using dual-energy x-ray(More)
Bone mineral measurements have been criticized for their inability to clearly distinguish fracture and "nonfracture" populations. However, this failure is not unexpected, since some individuals in the "nonfracture" group have low bone mass and are at increased risk but have not yet experienced fractures. Although standard radiographs are not sensitive(More)
During 1981-1982, a cohort of elderly Japanese Americans living in Hawaii was recruited for an epidemiologic study of osteoporosis. The male subjects were simultaneously being examined for an epidemiologic study of heart disease. Baseline data collected from both the men and women at a previous heart disease examination were used to compare responders vs(More)
Cross-sectional data of bone mineral content measured at five skeletal sites (distal radius and ulna, proximal radius and ulna, and os calcis) with single photon absorptiometry were obtained from a population of Japanese-Americans living in Hawaii, comprising 1368 men (aged 61-81 years) and 1098 women (aged 43-80 years). Age-specific mean values of bone(More)
Five healthy young men were studied during 24-30 wk of continuous bed rest. During the first 12 wk of bed rest, untreated subjects increased calcium excretion in the urine by 109 mg/day and in the feces by 147 mg/day. The rate of total body calcium loss was 0.5-0.7% per month. Losses of central calcaneus mineral, assessed by gamma ray transmission scanning,(More)
Bone mass and appendicular bone loss rates were examined in a cohort of Japanese-American men. Across their age range (ages 61 to 82 years) bone mass steadily declined at the proximal and distal radius, and at the calcaneus. The cross-sectional reduction in bone mass was 3.5-6.3% per decade at the various sites. Longitudinal measurements of the same cohort(More)
The thiazide diuretics are known to cause calcium retention. In order to study the effect of thiazides on bone mineralization, we have measured the mineral content of bone at five sites (the distal radius, the distal ulna, the proximal radius, the proximal ulna, and the os calcis) in 1368 men with a mean age of 68 years, including 323 who were taking(More)
The use of bone mineral content (BMC) measurements to assist in the management of osteoporosis has received increasing emphasis in recent years. Although the calcaneus, an essentially trabecular bone (90-95%), has been used extensively in the NASA experiments, few data relating to primary osteoporosis have appeared in the literature until recently. This(More)