James M Van Alstine

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There is much interest in attaching polyethylene glycol (PEG) and other hydrophilic, neutral polymers to surfaces to reduce the extent of protein and cell adsorption. Interestingly, these same surface-bound polymers are effective in masking surface charge and reducing electrokinetic effects such as particle electrophoretic mobility, streaming potential, and(More)
Covalently grafting proteins with varying numbers (n) of poly(ethylene glycol) molecules (PEGs) often enhances their biomedical and industrial usefulness. Partition between the phases in aqueous polymer two-phase systems can be used to rapidly characterize polymer-protein conjugates in a manner related to various enhancements. The logarithm of the partition(More)
Separation of PEGylated proteins is challenging because PEG itself is a relatively inert, neutral, hydrophilic polymer and the starting point for PEGylation is a pure protein. Thus, other than molecular weight and size, differences in the physicochemical properties typically used to fractionate proteins may be slight between different PEGylated forms of a(More)
Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) was covalently coupled to IgG antibody preparations directed against human red blood cells. This modification reduces the tendency of the antibody to agglutinate cells and increases its affinity for the upper phase in dextran-PEG aqueous two-phase systems. These effects are related to the molecular weight of the PEG used for(More)
Previous work has shown that polyethylene glycol (PEG)-bound antibodies can be used as affinity ligands in PEG-dextran two-phase systems to provide selective partitioning of cells to the PEG-rich phase. In the present work we show that immunoaffinity partitioning can be simplified by use of PEG-modified Protein A which complexes with unmodified antibody and(More)
Effects of pH and conductivity on the ion exchange chromatographic purification of an antigen-binding antibody fragment (Fab) of pI 8.0 were investigated. Normal sulfopropyl (SP) group modified agarose particles (SP Sepharosetrade mark Fast Flow) and dextran modified particles (SP Sepharose XL) were studied. Chromatographic measurements including adsorption(More)
A multifunctional peptide tag (HYDHYD) consisting of histidine, tyrosine and aspartate residues was fused to the N-terminal ends of green fluorescent protein (GFP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and human hemoglobin (Hb), proteins which were subjected to ion-exchange chromatography (IEC), aqueous two-phase system partition, immobilized metal-ion affinity(More)
For half a century aqueous two-phase systems (ATPSs) have been applied for the extraction and purification of biomolecules. In spite of their simplicity, selectivity, and relatively low cost they have not been significantly employed for industrial scale bioprocessing. Recently their ability to be readily scaled and interface easily in single-use, flexible(More)
Microparticle capillary electrophoresis was used to characterize the surface of quartz capillaries grafted with the glycidyl ether of poly(ethylene glycol) (E-PEG). Site dissociation modeling of capillary electrokinetic behavior provided estimates of surface group pK and density, plus the distance (d) from the surface to the hydrodynamic plane of shear.(More)