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The aquaporins are a family of water channels expressed in several water-transporting tissues, including the kidney. We have used a peptide-derived, affinity-purified polyclonal antibody to aquaporin-3 (AQP-3) to investigate its localization and regulation in the kidney. Immunoblotting experiments showed expression in both renal cortex and medulla, with(More)
The renal urea transporter (RUT) is responsible for urea accumulation in the renal medulla, and consequently plays a central role in the urinary concentrating mechanism. To study its cellular and subcellular localization, we prepared affinity-purified, peptide-derived polyclonal antibodies against rat RUT based on the cloned cDNA sequence. Immunoblots using(More)
The renal urea transporter gene (UT-A) produces different transcripts in the inner medullary collecting ducts (UT-A1) and thin descending limbs of Henle's loop (UT-A2), coding for distinct proteins. Peptide-directed rabbit polyclonal antibodies were used to identify the UT-A2 protein in renal medulla of mouse and rat. In the inner stripe of outer medulla,(More)
UT-A3 has recently been identified as a splicing variant transcript of the UT-A gene present in the kidney. To study the cellular and subcellular localization of UT-A3, we raised a new polyclonal antibody to its COOH-terminal end. Immunoblots identified bands at 44 and 67 kDa predominately in the inner medulla and showed that the antibody does not recognize(More)
The aquaporins are a family of transmembrane proteins that function as molecular water channels. Recently, a mercurial-insensitive water channel [MIWC or aquaporin-4 (AQP4)] has been cloned, and its mRNA was found to be expressed strongly in kidney inner medulla and several nonrenal tissues. We prepared affinity-purified polyclonal antipeptide antibodies to(More)
The aquaporins are molecular water channels expressed in the kidney and other organs. To investigate long-term regulation of renal expression of these water channels, we carried out immunoblotting studies using membrane fractions from rat renal cortex and medulla. Both 48-h water restriction in Sprague-Dawley rats and 5-day arginine vasopressin (AVP)(More)
The vasopressin-regulated urea transporter (VRUT) is a 97-kDa protein (also called "UT-1") responsible for facilitated urea transport across the apical plasma membrane of inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) cells. To determine the abundance of VRUT protein in collecting duct cells of the rat, we designed a sensitive fluorescence-based enzyme-linked(More)
Sodium transport is increased by vasopressin in the cortical collecting ducts of rats and rabbits. Here we investigate, by quantitative immunoblotting, the effects of vasopressin on abundances of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) subunits (alpha, beta, and gamma) in rat kidney. Seven-day infusion of 1-deamino-[8-D-arginine]-vasopressin (dDAVP) to(More)
To investigate the role of the thick ascending limb (TAL) Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransporter in regulation of water excretion, we have prepared a peptide-derived polyclonal antibody based on the cloned cDNA sequence of the rat type 1 bumetanide-sensitive cotransporter, BSC-1 (also termed "NKCC-2"). Immunoblots revealed a single broad 161-kDa band in membrane(More)
In the renal inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD), vasopressin regulates two key transporters, namely aquaporin-2 (AQP2) and the vasopressin-regulated urea transporter (VRUT). Both are present in intracellular vesicles as well as the apical plasma membrane. Short-term regulation of AQP2 has been demonstrated to occur by vasopressin-induced trafficking of(More)