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These guidelines are intended for use by infectious disease specialists, orthopedists, and other healthcare professionals who care for patients with prosthetic joint infection (PJI). They include evidence-based and opinion-based recommendations for the diagnosis and management of patients with PJI treated with debridement and retention of the prosthesis,(More)
BACKGROUND Culture-negative (CN) prosthetic joint infection (PJI) has not been well studied. We performed a retrospective cohort study to define the demographic characteristics and determine the outcome of patients with CN PJI. METHODS All cases of CN total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty infections (using a strict case definition) treated at(More)
IMPORTANCE Fever is common in critically ill neurologic patients. Knowledge of the indicators of central fever may allow greater antibiotic stewardship in this era of rapidly developing super-resistant microorganisms. OBJECTIVE To develop a model to differentiate central from infectious fever in critically ill neurologic patients with fever of an(More)
I nfective endocarditis (IE) carries a high risk of morbidity and mortality. Rapid diagnosis, effective treatment, and prompt recognition of complications are essential to good patient outcome. Therapy of IE caused by the more commonly encountered organisms, including streptococci, entero-cocci, staphylococci, and the HACEK organisms (Hemophi-lus(More)
BACKGROUND Infective endocarditis is a potentially lethal disease that has undergone major changes in both host and pathogen. The epidemiology of infective endocarditis has become more complex with today's myriad healthcare-associated factors that predispose to infection. Moreover, changes in pathogen prevalence, in particular a more common staphylococcal(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Follow-up MR imaging examinations are increasingly used to monitor response to treatment in patients with spine infection. We aim to describe follow-up MR imaging examination findings 4-8 weeks after diagnosis and initiation of treatment of spine infections and to compare with clinical findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-three(More)
BACKGROUND The actual risk of prosthetic joint infection as a result of dental procedures and the role of antibiotic prophylaxis have not been defined. METHODS To examine the association between dental procedures with or without antibiotic prophylaxis and prosthetic hip or knee infection, a prospective, single-center, case-control study for the period(More)
BACKGROUND C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) have been shown to be useful for diagnosis of prosthetic hip and knee infection. Little information is available on CRP and ESR in patients undergoing revision or resection of shoulder arthroplasties or spine implants. METHODS/RESULTS We analyzed preoperative CRP and ESR in 636(More)
BACKGROUND The role of valve surgery in left-sided infective endocarditis has not been evaluated in randomized controlled trials. We examined the association between valve surgery and all-cause 6-month mortality among patients with left-sided infective endocarditis. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 546 consecutive patients with left-sided infective(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the frequent occurrence of bacteremia due to gram-negative organisms in patients with underlying permanent pacemakers (PPMs) or implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs), the outcome and treatment of these patients has received scant attention. In patients with PPMs or ICDs who have Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia, 45% have PPM/ICD(More)