James M Shultz

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Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Morbidity, and Economic Costs Software, Release II (SAMMEC II) has been developed for the Office on Smoking and Health, Public Health Service, to permit rapid calculation of deaths, years of potential life lost, direct health-care costs, indirect mortality costs, and disability costs associated with cigarette smoking. For the(More)
Alcohol-Related Disease Impact (ARDI) Software has been developed for the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) to allow States to calculate mortality, years of potential life lost (YPLL), direct health-care costs, indirect morbidity and mortality costs, and nonhealth-sector costs associated with alcohol use and misuse. The mortality related(More)
Tropical cyclones—variously defined as hurricanes, typhoons, and cyclones—regularly impact human populations and periodically produce devastating weather-related natural disasters. The epidemiology of tropical cyclones is fundamentally determined by the physical forces of massive cyclonic systems intersecting with patterns of human behavior. The destructive(More)
People eat less and make different food choices as they get older. It is unclear what impact these dietary changes may have on health status. However, lower food intake among the elderly has been associated with lower intakes of calcium, iron, zinc, B vitamins and vitamin E. Low energy intakes or low nutrient density of the diet may increase the risk of(More)
ON OCTOBER 22, 2012, A LATE-SEASON TROPICAL system was named Sandy by the US National Hurricane Center. The system meandered for several days in warm Caribbean waters, intensifying slowly, gaining forward momentum, and passing directly over Jamaica, eastern Cuba, and the Bahamas. Sandy’s outer rain bands deluged Haiti’s deforested terrain, triggering severe(More)
The World Health Organization (WHO) Ebola Response Roadmap declared that the affected West African countries of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone are “struggling to control the escalating outbreak” because of limited health system capacity and “rampant fear.”1 The WHO director-general subsequently described how fear behaviors have propelled Ebola virus(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined the relationship of probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), probable depression, and increased alcohol and/or tobacco use to disaster exposure and work demand in Florida Department of Health workers after the 2004 hurricanes. METHODS Participants (N = 2249) completed electronic questionnaires assessing PTSD, depression,(More)
“Psychological first aid” was first introduced conceptually in the mid-Twentieth Century; in the post-9/11 era, psychological first aid has emerged as a mainstay for early psychological intervention with survivors of disasters and extreme events. Dating from the 2001 National Institute on Mental Health conference on mass violence, psychological first aid is(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to examine the impact of alcohol use and misuse on mortality in California during the 1980s. METHODS Alcohol-Related Disease Impact estimation software and California vital statistics data were used to calculate alcohol-related mortality, mortality rates, and years of potential life lost. Statistical tests were applied to(More)
1. Director, Center for Disaster & Extreme Event Preparedness (DEEP Center), University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida USA 2. Department of Adult Psychiatry, University College Dublin, Mater Miserlcodiae University Hospital, Dublin Ireland 3. Deputy Director, Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health (ACPMH), Department of(More)