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The generation of glutamatergic neurons by stem and progenitor cells is a complex process involving the tight coordination of multiple cellular activities, including cell cycle exit, initiation of neuronal differentiation and cell migration. The mechanisms that integrate these different events into a coherent program are not well understood. Here we show(More)
We cloned p27Kip1, a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor implicated in G1 phase arrest by TGF beta and cell-cell contact. p27Kip1 associates with cyclin E-Cdk2 complexes in vivo and in vitro, prevents their activation, and inhibits previously activated complexes, and p27Kip1 overexpression obstructs cell entry into S phase. p27Kip1 potently inhibits Rb(More)
Cell-cell contact and TGF-beta can arrest the cell cycle in G1. Mv1Lu mink epithelial cells arrested by either mechanism are incapable of assembling active complexes containing the G1 cyclin, cyclin E, and its catalytic subunit, Cdk2. These growth inhibitory signals block Cdk2 activation by raising the threshold level of cyclin E necessary to activate Cdk2.(More)
CDK inhibitors are thought to prevent cell proliferation by negatively regulating cyclin-CDK complexes. We propose that the opposite is also true, that cyclin-CDK complexes in mammmalian cells can promote cell cycle progression by directly down-regulating CDK inhibitors. We show that expression of cyclin E-CDK2 in murine fibroblasts causes phosphorylation(More)
First identified as cell cycle inhibitors mediating the growth inhibitory cues of upstream signaling pathways, the cyclin-CDK inhibitors of the Cip/Kip family p21Cip1, p27Kip1, and p57Kip2 have emerged as multifaceted proteins with functions beyond cell cycle regulation. In addition to regulating the cell cycle, Cip/Kip proteins play important roles in(More)
Growth factors and cell anchorage jointly regulate transit through G1 in almost all cell types, but the cell cycle basis for this combined requirement remains largely uncharacterized. We show here that cell adhesion and growth factors jointly regulate the cyclin D1- and E-dependent kinases. Adhesion to substratum regulates both the induction and translation(More)
The tumor suppressor p27(Kip1) is an inhibitor of cyclin/cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) complexes and plays a crucial role in cell cycle regulation. However, p27(Kip1) also has cell cycle-independent functions. Indeed, we find that p27(Kip1) regulates cell migration, as p27(Kip1)-null fibroblasts exhibit a dramatic decrease in motility compared with(More)
Despite numerous studies of air pollution and adverse birth outcomes, few studies have investigated preeclampsia and gestational hypertension, two pregnancy disorders with serious consequences for both mother and infant. Relying on hospital birth records, we conducted a cohort study identifying 34,705 singleton births delivered at Magee-Women's Hospital in(More)