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We cloned p27Kip1, a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor implicated in G1 phase arrest by TGF beta and cell-cell contact. p27Kip1 associates with cyclin E-Cdk2 complexes in vivo and in vitro, prevents their activation, and inhibits previously activated complexes, and p27Kip1 overexpression obstructs cell entry into S phase. p27Kip1 potently inhibits Rb(More)
Growth factors and cell anchorage jointly regulate transit through G1 in almost all cell types, but the cell cycle basis for this combined requirement remains largely uncharacterized. We show here that cell adhesion and growth factors jointly regulate the cyclin D1- and E-dependent kinases. Adhesion to substratum regulates both the induction and translation(More)
The tumor suppressor p27(Kip1) is an inhibitor of cyclin/cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) complexes and plays a crucial role in cell cycle regulation. However, p27(Kip1) also has cell cycle-independent functions. Indeed, we find that p27(Kip1) regulates cell migration, as p27(Kip1)-null fibroblasts exhibit a dramatic decrease in motility compared with(More)
The generation of new neurons in the cerebral cortex requires that progenitor cells leave the cell cycle and activate specific programs of differentiation and migration. Genetic studies have identified some of the molecules controlling these cellular events, but how the different aspects of neurogenesis are integrated into a coherent developmental program(More)
Arterial smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are arrested in the G1 phase of the cell cycle on polymerized type I collagen fibrils, while monomer collagen supports SMC proliferation. Cyclin E-associated kinase and cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (cdk2) phosphorylation are inhibited on polymerized collagen, and levels of the cdk2 inhibitors p27Kip1 and p21Cip1/Waf1 are(More)
[1] We present a factor analysis-based method for differentiating air masses on the basis of source influence and apply the method to a broad suite of trace gas and aerosol measurements collected at Chebogue Point, Nova Scotia, during the summer of 2004 to characterize the chemical composition of atmospheric outflow from eastern North America. CO, ozone,(More)
Entry into, progression through, and exit from the G1 phase of the mammalian cell cycle in response to extracellular mitogenic cues are presumed to be governed by cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks) regulated by the D-type and E-type cyclins. Studies performed over more than a decade have supported the view that these holoenzymes are important, if not required,(More)
Human cyclin E, originally identified on the basis of its ability to function as a G1 cyclin in budding yeast, associated with a cell cycle-regulated protein kinase in human cells. The cyclin E-associated kinase activity peaked during G1, before the appearance of cyclin A, and was diminished during exit from the cell cycle after differentiation or serum(More)
In mammals there are two known groups of CDK-inhibitors of the cyclin D–CDK4/CDK6 kinases (Xiong et defined by a conserved amino-terminal domain that is Seattle, Washington 98104 sufficient for both stable binding to cyclin–CDK com-‡ Department of Pathology plexes and inhibition of CDK protein kinase activity. The Harvard Medical School Kip/Cip proteins can(More)