James M. Rae

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BACKGROUND Estrogen plays a central role in breast cancer pathogenesis. Although many studies have characterized the estrogen regulation of genes using in vitro cell culture models by global mRNA expression profiling, it is not clear whether these genes are similarly regulated in vivo or how they might be coordinately expressed in primary human tumors. (More)
EGFRvIII is a constitutively activated truncated variant of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) which has been shown to increase tumorgenicity. There are conflicting reports on the extent of EGFRvIII expression in tissues which may in part stem from the use of different assay methodologies. We investigated the expression of both EGFRvIII and(More)
We read with interest the article by Wegman and coworkers [1] entitled 'Genotype of metabolic enzymes and the benefit of tamoxifen in postmenopausal breast cancer patients'. The authors conducted a retrospective analysis of a tamoxifen adjuvant clinical trial and reported that a small subset of patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Change in breast density may predict outcome of women receiving adjuvant hormone therapy for breast cancer. We performed a prospective clinical trial to evaluate the impact of inherited variants in genes involved in oestrogen metabolism and signalling on change in mammographic percent density (MPD) with aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy. METHODS(More)
The epidermal growth factor system is a well characterized growth factor receptor pathway, the deregulation of which has been be associated with neoplastic growth. Overexpression or amplification of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) or one of its ligands has been linked with the malignant transformation of cells and is correlated with poor(More)
Estrogen affects multiple aspects of human physiology, including the normal growth and development of female reproductive tissues, bone integrity, cardiovascular and central nervous system functions, and plays a central role in normal mammary development and breast pathogenesis. It modulates diverse cell signaling pathways, some of which appear to be(More)
Our understanding of many aspects of cancer biology has been advanced through the use of modern genetics. These studies have already shown that germ line polymorphisms play a significant role in disease initiation and response to therapy. However, what is less well studied is the role of germ line polymorphisms in cancer progression. Studies in rodents(More)
BACKGROUND Tamoxifen, a selective oestrogen receptor (ER) modulator, increases bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women and decreases BMD in premenopausal women. We hypothesised that inherited variants in candidate genes involved in oestrogen signalling and tamoxifen metabolism might be associated with tamoxifen effects in bone. METHODS A total(More)
DNA microarray based gene expression analysis of primary breast cancers is not in general clinical use in spite of the widespread enthusiasm for the approach. However, several studies have identified gene expression patterns, or "signatures" that are predictive of disease outcome and assays based on these findings have become commercially available.(More)
BACKGROUND Early discontinuation of aromatase inhibitors (AIs) is common and leads to poor outcomes but is challenging to predict. In the Exemestane and Letrozole Pharmacogenetics trial, a high rate of early discontinuation due to intolerance was observed. We hypothesized that early changes in patient-reported outcomes (PROs) predict AI discontinuation and(More)