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A long-sought milestone in microfluidics research has been the development of integrated technology for scalable analysis of transcription in single cells. Here we present a fully integrated microfluidic device capable of performing high-precision RT-qPCR measurements of gene expression from hundreds of single cells per run. Our device executes all steps of(More)
A high proportion of the CD34+CD38- cells in normal human marrow are defined as long-term culture-initiating cells (LTC-IC) because they can proliferate and differentiate when co-cultured with cytokine-producing stromal feeder layers. In contrast, very few CD34+CD38- cells will divide in cytokine-containing methylcellulose and thus are not classifiable as(More)
Methods for robust logistic modeling of batch and fed-batch mammalian cell cultures are presented in this study. Linearized forms of the logistic growth, logistic decline, and generalized logistic equation were derived to obtain initial estimates of the parameters by linear least squares. These initial estimates facilitated subsequent determination of(More)
The physiological state of CHO cells in perfusion culture was quantified by determining fluxes through the bioreaction network using (13)C glucose and 2D-NMR spectroscopy. CHO cells were cultivated in a 2.5L perfusion bioreactor with glucose and glutamine as the primary carbon and energy sources. The reactor was inoculated at a cell density of 8 x(More)
Chinese hamster ovary cell production of recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) was increased by amplification of cotransfected dihydrofolate reductase cDNA using stepwise adaptation to increasing methotrexate (MTX) concentrations. The highest producing clones were isolated at 5 microM MTX and yielded 26,000 U/10(6) cells/day t-PA (43(More)
Global gene expression profiling was performed on murine embryonic stem cells (ESCs) induced to differentiate by removal of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) to identify genes whose change in expression correlates with loss of pluripotency. To identify appropriate time points for the gene expression analysis, the dynamics of loss of pluripotency were(More)
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) were used as a model system of human pancreas development to study characteristics of the polyhormonal cells that arise during fetal pancreas development. HESCs were differentiated into fetal-like pancreatic cells in vitro using a 33-day, 7-stage protocol. Cultures were ~90-95% PDX1-positive by day (d) 11 and 70-75%(More)
The heterogeneous nature of hollow fiber reactors for cell cultivation requires special considerations for proper design and operation. Downstream concentration of high-molecular-weight proteins has been measured in the shell side of ultrafiltration hollow fiber bioreactors. This distribution resulted from shell-side convective fluxes which caused a(More)
We have investigated the potential of stirred suspension cultures to support hematopoiesis from starting innocula of normal human bone marrow cells. Initial studies showed that the short-term maintenance of both colony-forming cell (CFC) numbers and their precursors, detected as long-term culture-initiating cells (LTC-IC), could be achieved as well in(More)
Axial and radial oxygen depletion are believed to be critical scale-limiting factors in the design of cell culture hollow fiber bioreactors. A mathematical analysis of oxygen depletion has been performed in order to develop effectiveness factor plots to aid in the scaling of hollow fiber bioreactors with cells immobilized in the shell-side. Considerations(More)