James M . Mullin

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PURPOSE To determine whether mild cooling of the egg reduces movement to the point where an ultra-high-field (7T) MRI system can be used to noninvasively monitor chick growth in ovo from 12 days incubation through to hatching. MATERIALS AND METHODS Group A eggs were incubated at 37.5 degrees C for 21 days. Group B eggs were removed from the incubator on(More)
Epithelial tissues act as barriers between two fluid compartments, and the epithelial barrier function is provided by the epithelial cells and the tight junctions (TJs) that connect them. We have shown previously that chronic treatment of a cultured epithelial monolayer with phorbol ester tumor promoters induces an increase in transepithelial paracellular(More)
The cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) increases the frequency of apoptosis in confluent renal epithelial LLC-PK1 cells, an effect that can be blocked by an anti-TNFR1 monoclonal antibody. However, there were no visible "holes" in the cell sheet as a result of TNF-induced apoptosis. Instead a striking tissue remodeling occurred in response to the(More)
The tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) irreversibly dissipates the electrical potential difference (PD) across LLC-PK1 renal epithelial cell sheets in a dose-dependent manner. The promoter is equally effective when presented to either cell surface. TPA is also equally effective at dissipating the apical-negative PD or the heretofore(More)
Activation of protein kinase C by exposure of LLC-PK1 renal epithelial cells to 10(-7) M TPA, a tumor promoting phorbol ester, results in a rapid and sustained increase in paracellular permeability as evidenced by a decrease in transepithelial electrical resistance. Occludin, the first identified transmembrane protein to be localized to the tight junction(More)
The serum factor inducing hemorrhagic necrosis of transplantable tumors [tumor necrosis factor (TNF)], and the macrophage hormone associated with cachexia in cancer and certain infectious diseases [cachectin] are known to be the same protein. Because an association may exist between TNF and the cachectic state, we wished to examine the effect of TNF on the(More)
The Ca2+-independent delta-isoform of protein kinase C (PKC-delta) was overexpressed in LLC-PK1 epithelia and placed under control of a tetracycline-responsive expression system. In the absence of tetracycline, the exogenous PKC-delta is expressed. Western immunoblots show that the overexpressed PKC-delta is found in the cytosolic, membrane-associated, and(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) causes a spontaneously reversible increase in tight junction permeability. TNF was the only cytokine tested that produced this effect. The effect on transepithelial permeability proceeds in four distinct phases: 1) a 60- to 90-min delay from time of application of TNF, 2) a rapid decrease in transepithelial resistance, 3) a(More)
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important developmental process, participates in tissue repair, and occurs during pathologic processes of tumor invasiveness, metastasis, and tissue fibrosis. The molecular mechanisms leading to EMT are poorly understood. Although it is well documented that transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta plays a(More)