James M Marr

Learn More
Prophylactic zidovudine (ZDV) therapy was evaluated in the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)-inoculated cat model for HIV-1 infection in humans. ZDV treatment (30 mg/kg/day via continuous subcutaneous infusion) was initiated 48 h prior to virus inoculation and continued for 28 days. Transient plasma antigenemia evident in six of six untreated cats at week(More)
Red-Green-Blue (RGB) dark-field imaging can direct the choice of laser excitation for Raman enhancements on nanostructured plasmonic surfaces. Here we demonstrate that black silicon (b-Si) is a structured surface that has been shown to effectively absorb broad wavelengths of light, but also enables surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) when coated with(More)
Electric fields associated with Raman enhancements are typically inferred from changes in the observed scattering intensity. Here we use the vibrational Stark effect from a nitrile reporter to determine the electric field dependent frequency shift of cyanide (CN) on a gold (Au) surface. Electroplated Au surfaces with surface enhanced Raman (SERS) activity(More)
Experimental infection with the Mt. Airy isolate of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIVMA), a lentivirus isolated from a domestic cat exhibiting signs of an immunodeficiency-like syndrome, results in transient lymphadenopathy, fever, stomatitis, enteritis, neurologic abnormalities, and immunosuppression. The effects of FIVMA infection on neutrophil and(More)
We assess the role of lateral tension in rupturing anionic dipalmitoylphosphatidyserine (DPPS), neutral dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), and mixed DPPS-DPPC vesicles. Binding of Ca(2+) is known to have a significant impact on the effective size of DPPS lipids and little effect on the size of DPPC lipids in bilayer structures. In the present work we(More)
Heterogeneous catalytic materials and electrodes are used for (electro)chemical transformations, including those important for energy storage and utilization.1, 2 Due to the heterogeneous nature of these materials, activity measurements with sufficient spatial resolution are needed to obtain structure/activity correlations across the different surface(More)
Ground-based observations of the 11.072-GHz line of ozone were made from January 2008 through the middle of September 2011 to estimate the maximum in the nighttime ozone in the upper mesosphere at an altitude of about 95 km for a region centered at 388N, 2908E. Themeasurements show seasonal variation with a high degree of repeatability with peaks in ozone(More)
Chimpanzees were examined for the effect of viral hepatitis infections on specific and nonspecific immune response mechanisms. The data suggest that infection with either hepatitis B virus or hepatitis non-A, non-B virus may result in suppression of cellular immune response components. Mitogen-induced lymphocyte proliferation was lower in virus-infected(More)
4-Cyano-4'-pentylbiphenyl (5CB) is a liquid crystal forming compound with a terminal nitrile group aligned with the long axis of the molecule. Simulations of condensed-phase 5CB were carried out both with and without applied electric fields to provide an understanding of the Stark shift of the terminal nitrile group. A field-induced isotropic-nematic phase(More)
Enhanced Raman scattering from plasmonic nanostructures associated with surface enhanced (SERS) and tip enhanced (TERS) is seeing a dramatic increase in applications from bioimaging to chemical catalysis. The importance of gap-modes for high sensitivity indicates plasmon coupling between nanostructures plays an important role. However, the observed Raman(More)