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Mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. To unravel the mechanism(s) underlying this dysfunction, we demonstrate that phospholipases A2 (PLA2s), namely the cytosolic and the calcium-independent PLA2s (cPLA2 and iPLA2), are key enzymes mediating oligomeric amyloid-beta peptide(More)
Two cDNA clones, TSC29 and TSC40, were isolated from a cDNA library prepared from three-day-old tobacco cell suspension grown to early exponential stage. DNA sequence analyses and database searches revealed that the TSC29 transcript encodes a protein which is highly homologous to eukaryotic 60S ribosomal (r)-protein L25 and that the TSC40 product is(More)
A 4-chlorophenol (4-CP)-degrading bacterium, strain CPW301, was isolated from soil and identified as Comamonas testosteroni. This strain dechlorinated and degraded 4-CP via a meta-cleavage pathway. CPW301 could also utilize phenol as a carbon and energy source without the accumulation of any metabolites via the same meta-cleavage pathway. When phenol was(More)
Increase in oxidative stress has been postulated to play an important role in the pathogenesis of a number of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease. There is evidence for involvement of amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) in mediating the oxidative damage to neurons. Despite yet unknown mechanism, Abeta appears to exert action on the ionotropic(More)
The integration of mathematical modeling and experimental testing is emerging as a powerful approach for improving our understanding of the regulation of metabolic pathways. In this study, we report on the development of a kinetic mathematical model that accurately simulates the developmental patterns of monoterpenoid essential oil accumulation in(More)
UNLABELLED Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the sixth leading cause of age-related death with no effective intervention yet available. Our previous studies have demonstrated the potential efficacy of Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) in AD cell models by mitigating amyloid-β peptide (Aβ)-induced oxidative stress and inflammation. However, the penetration depth of(More)
Plasma nanocoated films with trimethylsilane-oxygen monomers showed outstanding biocompatibility in our previous studies. In this study, endothelialization on biomedical nitinol alloy surfaces was systematically investigated. Our study focuses on elucidating the effects of surface micropatternings with micropores and microgrooves combined with plasma(More)
Excess hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is produced in the pathogenesis of brain injuries and neurodegenerative diseases. H2O2 may damage cells through direct oxidation of lipids, proteins and DNA or it can act as a signaling molecule to trigger intracellular pathways leading to cell death. In this study, H2O2 caused plasma membranes of primary astrocytes to become(More)
Excessive production of Aβ (amyloid β-peptide) has been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of AD (Alzheimer's disease). Although not yet well understood, aggregation of Aβ is known to cause toxicity to neurons. Our recent study demonstrated the ability for oligomeric Aβ to stimulate the production of ROS (reactive oxygen species) in neurons(More)
Fatty acids may integrate into cell membranes to change physical properties of cell membranes, and subsequently alter cell functions in an unsaturation number-dependent manner. To address the roles of fatty acid unsaturation numbers in cellular pathways of Alzheimer's disease (AD), we systematically investigated the effects of fatty acids on cell membrane(More)