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This study examines the effect of applied d.c. electric fields on nerve regeneration following injury to the rat sciatic nerve using the circularly vibrating probe and electron microscopy. The transected and treated nerve which received a d.c. electrical stimulator (0.6 mu A) was compared with untreated transected and crushed nerves. At one week(More)
Several studies have shown that nerve fibers grow preferentially toward the cathode when placed in an electrical field. To study the effects of electrical stimulation on in vivo nerve regeneration, an inexpensive implantable current source has been developed which is able to reliably deliver a minute DC current (0.57 microA) via wick electrodes. The current(More)
The possibility that collateral sprouting could occur from intact axons in an undamaged sciatic nerve was studied in the rat by suturing either a 7-day predegenerated or a fresh nerve segment in an end-to-side fashion to the sciatic nerve proper. Following a 14- or 35-day recovery period, the pinch reflex test was performed on the transplanted segment to(More)
To test a neurogenic hypothesis for external urethral sphincter (EUS) dysfunction associated with urinary incontinence, the proximal pudendal nerve was crushed in anesthetized retired breeder female rats (n = 5) and compared with a sham lesion group (n = 4). Outcome measures included concentric needle electromyograms (EMGs) from the target EUS, voiding(More)
Administration of the dopamine (DA) antagonist haloperidol leads to the development of behavioral hypersensitivity as well as enhanced neuronal growth when striatal extracts from these animals are incubated with mesencephalic cultures. For determining if alterations in neuronal growth also occur in vivo, the ultrastructure of the neuropil in the(More)
Nerve regeneration through predegenerated (PNG) or fresh (FNG) autografts in either fresh or delayed recipient nerve beds were studied in the rat sciatic nerve. Grafts 10 mm in length were excised either immediately or following a 7-day period of predegeneration. They were sutured into gaps on the contralateral side which were either freshly made or had(More)
PURPOSE We tested the hypothesis that neuroanatomical degeneration near the external urethral sphincter (EUS) would parallel urinary dysfunction after vaginal distention or bilateral pudendal nerve crush in female rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 28 female rats underwent bilateral pudendal nerve crush or vaginal distention, or were unoperated(More)
The aim of our study was to provide quantitative data on pudendal motor neuron cell bodies and axons in the female rat. To confirm earlier studies, fluorescent retrograde tracers were used to label the motor neurons for correlation with myelinated axon counts along the length of the motor pudendal nerve. The external urethral sphincter of female rats was(More)
In the present study we tested how nerve grafts with different pre-degeneration periods (1-28 days) influenced the early regenerative response in the rat sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve on the right side was crushed and after 1-28 days of pre-degeneration, a 10 mm segment was used as an autologous nerve graft and transposed to a freshly made 10 mm long(More)
Low level microwave exposure of Chinese hamsters resulted in reversible permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Lesions were grossly visible in random areas of the brain immediately following exposure, but were not as common following a 1 h recovery period and were absent after a 2 h recovery period. The apparent route(More)