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This study examines the effect of applied d.c. electric fields on nerve regeneration following injury to the rat sciatic nerve using the circularly vibrating probe and electron microscopy. The transected and treated nerve which received a d.c. electrical stimulator (0.6 mu A) was compared with untreated transected and crushed nerves. At one week(More)
Several studies have shown that nerve fibers grow preferentially toward the cathode when placed in an electrical field. To study the effects of electrical stimulation on in vivo nerve regeneration, an inexpensive implantable current source has been developed which is able to reliably deliver a minute DC current (0.57 microA) via wick electrodes. The current(More)
The possibility that collateral sprouting could occur from intact axons in an undamaged sciatic nerve was studied in the rat by suturing either a 7-day predegenerated or a fresh nerve segment in an end-to-side fashion to the sciatic nerve proper. Following a 14- or 35-day recovery period, the pinch reflex test was performed on the transplanted segment to(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES A concern for anesthesiologists is whether local anesthetics are more toxic to peripheral nerves in diabetic patients. A previous study in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats showed that larger doses of lidocaine produce moderate nerve injury after nerve block in normal rats and worse injury in diabetic rats. However, it is not(More)
Low level microwave exposure of Chinese hamsters resulted in reversible permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Lesions were grossly visible in random areas of the brain immediately following exposure, but were not as common following a 1 h recovery period and were absent after a 2 h recovery period. The apparent route(More)
To test a neurogenic hypothesis for external urethral sphincter (EUS) dysfunction associated with urinary incontinence, the proximal pudendal nerve was crushed in anesthetized retired breeder female rats (n = 5) and compared with a sham lesion group (n = 4). Outcome measures included concentric needle electromyograms (EMGs) from the target EUS, voiding(More)
PURPOSE We tested the hypothesis that neuroanatomical degeneration near the external urethral sphincter (EUS) would parallel urinary dysfunction after vaginal distention or bilateral pudendal nerve crush in female rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 28 female rats underwent bilateral pudendal nerve crush or vaginal distention, or were unoperated(More)
Nerve regeneration through predegenerated (PNG) or fresh (FNG) autografts in either fresh or delayed recipient nerve beds were studied in the rat sciatic nerve. Grafts 10 mm in length were excised either immediately or following a 7-day period of predegeneration. They were sutured into gaps on the contralateral side which were either freshly made or had(More)
There is an extensive bundle of dendrites with a rostro-caudal axis in the ventro-lateral lamina of the sixth lumbar segment in each side of the rat spinal cord. Such a bundle has a diameter of about 250 mum and contains over 1400 parallel dendrites, each with a diameter of less than 8 mum, interspersed between neuronal somata. The volume fraction of(More)
Administration of the dopamine (DA) antagonist haloperidol leads to the development of behavioral hypersensitivity as well as enhanced neuronal growth when striatal extracts from these animals are incubated with mesencephalic cultures. For determining if alterations in neuronal growth also occur in vivo, the ultrastructure of the neuropil in the(More)