James M. Gallo

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A new technique, the area method, is derived for the determination of partition coefficients for both blood-flow limited and membrane limited physiological pharmacokinetic models. This method was compared to a standard technique by Monte Carlo simulation. Partition coefficients were calculated for the blood-flow limited case for both eliminating and(More)
 Brain microdialysis was applied to sample free methotrexate (MTX) concentrations in brain extracellular fluid of normal and RG-2 glioma-bearing rats. All animals received 50 mg/kg of MTX intraarterially following which serial blood and interstitial fluid samples were collected for 3 h and measured for MTX by an HPLC assay. Retrodialysis was used to(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant brain tumors are among the most challenging to treat and at present there are no uniformly successful treatment strategies. Standard treatment regimens consist of maximal surgical resection followed by radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The limited survival advantage attributed to chemotherapy is partially due to low CNS penetration of(More)
Perillyl alcohol (POH) is a monoterpene with anticarcinogenic and antitumor activity in murine tumor models. Putative mechanisms of action include activation of the transforming growth factor beta pathway and/or inhibition of p21ras signaling, leading to differentiation or apoptosis. In this Phase I trial, 17 patients took POH p.o. three times daily for 14(More)
The angiogenic phenotype is associated with hyperpermeable capillaries. Through treatment with angiogenesis inhibitors capillary permeability may be reduced, and it can be anticipated that cytotoxic agents coadministered may be adversely affected. The current investigation examined this possibility for the combination of TNP-470, an angiogenesis inhibitor,(More)
The primary objectives of this investigation were to determine whether oil and aqueous dosage vehicles alter the pharmacokinetics of orally administered carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in rats, and to relate vehicle effects on CCl4 absorption and bioavailability to alterations of the acute hepatotoxicity of CCl4 seen in a companion study (H.J. Kim, S.(More)
A simple viscometric method was used to quantify mucin-polymer bioadhesive bond strength. Viscosities of 15% (w/v) porcine gastric mucin dispersions in 0.1 N HC1 (pH 1) or 0.1 N acetate buffer (pH 5.5) were measured with a Brookfield viscometer in the absence (ηm) or presence (ηt) of selected neutral, anionic, and cationic polymers (0.1–2.5%, w/v).(More)
In the present study, 3-day treatment of nondifferentiated NG108-15 cells with 100 nM angiotensin II (Ang II) induces morphological differentiation of neuronal cells characterized by the outgrowth of neurites. These morphological changes are correlated with an increase in the level of polymerized tubulin and in the level of the microtubule-associated(More)
Methotrexate (MTX) is an anticancer agent that is widely used in a variety of human cancers including primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). Important pharmacological properties that directly bear on the use of MTX in PCNSL, such as mechanisms that govern its uptake into brain tumors, are poorly defined, but are amenable to investigation in mouse(More)
Difficulties in direct measurement of drug concentrations in human tissues have hampered the understanding of drug accumulation in tumors and normal tissues. We propose a new system analysis modeling approach to characterize drug distribution in tissues based on human positron emission tomography (PET) data. The PET system analysis method was applied to(More)