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The existence of specific bioeffects due to high peak power microwaves and their potential health hazards are among the most debated but least explored problems in microwave biology. The present study attempted to reveal such effects by comparing the bioeffects of short trains of extremely high power microwave pulses (EHPP, 1 micros width, 250-350 kW/g, 9.2(More)
Six femoral stems of total joint prostheses failed and were studied. These included two short-neck Müller, one standard Müller, one new design long-neck Müller, and two Charnley prostheses. In addition, reference is made to another failed Charnley prosthesis which had not required revision at the time of the study. Reoperation and replacement of the femoral(More)
Murine macrophages produce nitric oxide (NO) from L-arginine on stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), alone or with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). The effect of incubation of macrophages with low concentrations of LPS on NO synthesis on subsequent stimulation was investigated, using a murine macrophage cell line, J774, and peritoneal macrophages from(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), and interleukin-6 (IL-6), but not TNF-beta, can induce the in vitro differentiation of the neuroblastoma cell line N103 in a dose-dependent manner. Differentiation of N103 was accompanied by the arrest of cell growth and neurite formation. The induction of neuroblastoma cell(More)
Toxic freshwater cyanobacteria can contaminate water supplies and adversely effect humans, agricultural livestock, and wildlife. Toxicity is strain-specific so morphological observations alone cannot predict the hazard level. Two microtiter plate based bioassays have emerged for measuring saxitoxin (STX) and its derivatives, commonly found in the freshwater(More)
Exposure to radiofrequency radiation (RFR) may produce thermal responses. Extracellular amino acid concentrations in the hypothalamus (Hyp) and caudate nucleus (CN) were measured by using in vivo microdialysis before and during exposure to RFR. Under urethane anesthetic, each rat was implanted stereotaxically with a nonmetallic microdialysis probe and(More)
Saxiphilin is a hydrophilic protein with a high affinity and specificity for paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) found in the circulatory fluid of many invertebrates and ectothermic vertebrates. Saxiphilin has been found to be closely related to the iron binding transferrins, a group of proteins that range in molecular weight between 70 and 90 kDa. One(More)
OBJECTIVES Dental materials capable of releasing calcium, phosphate and fluoride are of great interest for remineralization. Microencapsulated aqueous solutions of these ions in orthodontic cement demonstrate slow, sustained release by passive diffusion through a permeable membrane without the need for dissolution or etching of fillers. The potential to(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the extent of genetic damage in the peripheral blood and bone marrow cells of mice exposed to ultra-wideband electromagnetic radiation (UWBR). MATERIALS AND METHODS CF-1 male mice were exposed to UWBR for 15 min at an estimated whole-body average specific absorption rate of 37 mW x kg(-1). Groups of untreated control and positive(More)
This study compared five methods of measuring paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) including the long-used mouse lethality bioassay, a commercially available cell culture test (MIST Quantification kit), HPLC analysis, and two newly developed radioreceptor assays utilizing mammalian sodium channels and saxiphilin. Methods were challenged with toxic shellfish(More)