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This study compares the injecting and sexual risk-taking behaviour among injecting drug users (IDUs) currently, previously and never enrolled in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). All subjects had injected during the 6 months prior to the day of interview. The current MMT group showed significantly lower injecting risk-taking behaviour subscale scores(More)
Patients treated with tamoxifen (TAM) for primary breast cancer often manifest de novo or acquired resistance, possibly through changes in drug metabolism. Using solid-phase extraction methods and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography separations, levels of TAM and metabolites 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4OH) and desmethyltamoxifen (DMT) have been(More)
Psychomotor slowing is a fundamental clinical feature of severe depression and is thought to reflect dysfunction within prefrontal-subcortical circuits. This study utilised a split-dose single photon emission computerised tomography (SPECT) scanning technique in association with a two-stage test of psychomotor speed. Twenty-five patients with primary(More)
Understanding biological complexity arising from patterns of gene expression requires accurate and precise measurement of RNA levels across large numbers of genes simultaneously. Real time PCR (RT-PCR) in a microtiter plate is the preferred method for quantitative transcriptional analysis but scaling RT-PCR to higher throughputs in this fluidic format is(More)
The guidelines for follow-up of breast cancer patients concentrate on the first 3-5 years, with either reduced frequency of visits or discharge after this. They also recommend mammography, but no evidence exists to inform frequency. We analyse treatable relapses in our unit from 1312 patients with early stage breast cancer treated by breast conserving(More)
Sixty-three postmenopausal women with large primary breast cancers were treated with neoadjuvant letrozole (2.5 mg daily) for 3 months. Tumour samples were taken at diagnosis and after 10-14 days and 3 months treatment. Immunohistochemical staining for Ki67, oestrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PgR) was performed and related to clinical(More)
Using an RNAse protection assay, expression of messenger RNA for isoforms of TGF-beta was determined in a series of breast cancers. Of 50 tumours, 45 (90%) expressed TGF-beta 1 mRNA, 39 (78%) expressed TGF-beta 2, and 47 (94%) expressed TGF-beta 3. Patterns of expression varied between different tumours: 37 (74%) cancers expressed all three TGF-beta(More)
In order to elucidate the relative importance of oestrogen receptor (ER)alpha, ERbeta and an ERbeta variant (ERbeta2/betacx) in the response of breast cancers to tamoxifen, tumour levels of each receptor were assessed in 36 patients before and after 3 months of neoadjuvant treatment with tamoxifen (20 mg daily). All patients were postmenopausal women(More)
BACKGROUND Acquired resistance to endocrine therapy in breast cancer is poorly understood. Characterisation of the molecular response to aromatase inhibitors in breast cancer tissue may provide important information regarding development of oestrogen hypersensitivity. METHODS We examined the expression levels of nuclear receptor co-regulators, the orphan(More)
Cyclic AMP binding proteins were measured in the primary tumour from 100 patients with non-disseminated breast cancer selected on the basis that sufficient tumour material was available for analysis. These measurements have been related to factors of established prognostic value and to the patients' disease-free interval and survival. There was a wide(More)