James M. Denegre

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Mutations within the CRB1 gene have been shown to cause human retinal diseases including retinitis pigmentosa and Leber congenital amaurosis. We have recently identified a mouse model, retinal degeneration 8 (rd8) with a single base deletion in the Crb1 gene. This mutation is predicted to cause a frame shift and premature stop codon which truncates the(More)
Luteinizing hormone (LH) induces maturational processes in oocyte-cumulus cell complexes (OCC) of preovulatory follicles that include both resumption of meiosis in the oocyte and expansion (mucification) of the cumulus oophorus. Both processes require activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in granulosa cells. Here, it is reported that(More)
Mitochondria are not only the major energy generators of the eukaryotic cell but they are also sources of signals that control gene expression and cell fate. While mitochondria are often asymmetrically distributed in early embryos, little is known about how they contribute to axial patterning. Here we review studies of mitochondrial distribution in metazoan(More)
Cell polarity is manifest along the animal/vegetal axis in eggs of the frog, Xenopus laevis. Along this axis, maternal cytoplasmic components are asymmetrically distributed and are thought to underlie specification of distinct cell fates. To ascertain the molecular identities of such cytoplasmic components, we have used a monoclonal antibody that(More)
Visualization of important disease-driving tissues in their native morphological state, such as the pancreas, given its importance in glucose homeostasis and diabetes, provides critical insight into the etiology and progression of disease and our understanding of how cellular changes impact disease severity. Numerous challenges to maintaining tissue(More)
Background Sleep is critical to well-being and yet the functions and regulation of sleep are poorly understood. Genomic approaches to identify genes that influence sleep may provide insight into these processes. Our current study employs a non-invasive, high-throughput piezoelectric system utilizing the breathing pattern to assess sleepwake phenotypes in a(More)
As in many organisms, the first three cleavage planes of Xenopus laevis eggs form in a well-described mutually orthogonal geometry. The factors dictating this simple pattern have not been unambiguously identified. Here, we describe experiments, using static magnetic fields as a novel approach to perturb normal cleavage geometry, that provide new insight(More)
Technology now exists for rapid screening of mutated laboratory mice to identify phenotypes associated with specific genetic mutations. Large repositories exist for spontaneous mutants and those induced by chemical mutagenesis, many of which have never been fully studied or comprehensively evaluated. To supplement these resources, a variety of techniques(More)
Renal agenesis (RA) is one of the more extreme examples of congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT). Bilateral renal agenesis is almost invariably fatal at birth, and unilateral renal agenesis can lead to future health issues including end-stage renal disease. Genetic investigations have identified several gene variants that cause RA,(More)
Approximately one-third of all mammalian genes are essential for life. Phenotypes resulting from knockouts of these genes in mice have provided tremendous insight into gene function and congenital disorders. As part of the International Mouse Phenotyping Consortium effort to generate and phenotypically characterize 5,000 knockout mouse lines, here we(More)