James M Dambrosia

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Functional imaging studies of people who were blind from an early age have revealed that their primary visual cortex can be activated by Braille reading and other tactile discrimination tasks. Other studies have also shown that visual cortical areas can be activated by somatosensory input in blind subjects but not those with sight. The significance of this(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Gaucher's disease, the most prevalent of the sphingolipid storage disorders, is caused by a deficiency of the enzyme glucocerebrosidase (glucosylceramidase). Enzyme replacement was proposed as a therapeutic strategy for this disorder in 1966. To assess the clinical effectiveness of this approach, we infused macrophage-targeted human(More)
There has been little exploration of major biologic regulators of cerebral development in autism. In archived neonatal blood of children with autistic spectrum disorders (n = 69), mental retardation without autism (n = 60), or cerebral palsy (CP, n = 63) and of control children (n = 54), we used recycling immunoaffinity chromatography to measure the(More)
Unilateral hand movements are accompanied by a transient decrease in corticospinal (CS) excitability of muscles in the opposite hand. However, the rules that govern this phenomenon are not completely understood. We measured the amplitude of motor evoked potentials (MEP) in the left first dorsal interosseus (FDI) elicited by transcranial magnetic stimulation(More)
Sensory processing is impaired in focal hand dystonia (FHD), with most previous studies having evaluated only the symptomatic limb. The purpose of this study was to establish whether the sensory system is affected in other types of dystonias and whether the contralateral hand is also involved in FHD. We used a spatial acuity measure (Johnson-Van(More)
OBJECT In the course of their lives most patients with von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease require treatment for several symptom-producing hemangioblastomas of the cerebellum, brainstem, or spinal cord. However, many tumors never produce symptoms and do not require treatment. Detection at an early stage of lesions that will later produce symptoms and ultimately(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy of mannose-terminated glucocerbrosidase prepared from natural (alglucerase; Ceredase, Genzyme Corp., Cambridge, Massachusetts) and recombinant (imiglucerase; Cerezyme, Genzyme Corp.) sources in treating type 1 Gaucher disease. DESIGN Double-blind, randomized, parallel trial. SETTING University medical center and(More)
BACKGROUND Dermatomyositis is a clinically distinct myopathy characterized by rash and a complement-mediated microangiopathy that results in the destruction of muscle fibers. In some patients the condition becomes resistant to therapy and causes severe physical disabilities. METHODS We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 15 patients(More)
OBJECTIVES Reversal of the hematologic and visceral abnormalities characteristic of Gaucher disease, the most common lipid storage disorder, with biweekly infusions of macrophage-targeted glucocerebrosidase (glucosylceramidase) is well documented. The extent to which the skeleton responds to enzyme replacement therapy has not been systematically(More)
OBJECTIVE This study's purpose was to obtain a quantitative natural history of the cerebrovascular involvement in Fabry disease. BACKGROUND Fabry disease is an X-linked recessive disorder due to alpha-galactosidase A deficiency. Progressive accumulation of ceramidetrihexoside within the intima and media of cerebral blood vessels causes ischemic lesions in(More)